Education, Culture and Sports in Lithuania
(edition 2020)

General education

 

Photo by Stanley Morales

General education is carried out in accordance with the programmes of primary, general lower secondary and general upper secondary education. In pursuance of the Law on Education of the Republic of Lithuania, education in the first grade starts at the age of 7 or earlier if a child reaches this age in the calendar year. Four-year primary education is provided by general education schools and other types of schools or education providers. Primary education is attained upon the completion of a primary education programme. Primary education is followed by the basic one. A six-year basic educational programme can be carried out by gymnasiums, secondary, basic and other schools. Upon the completion of a basic education programme, basic education is attained. Basic education of a school student is followed by secondary education. A two-year secondary education programme can be carried out by gymnasiums, secondary schools and other schools. Upon the completion of a secondary education programme, the general certificate of secondary education is awarded, enabling to pursue higher education. Special education is provided to persons with special needs in order for them to learn according to one’s abilities and attain education and qualification. Students with considerable and major special educational needs may study in general education schools (classes) designated for students with special educational needs until 21 years of age.

At the beginning of the 2019–2020 academic year, there were 1,056 general schools operating in the country. In autumn 2019, the number of first-graders stood at 29.8 thousand, which is by 1.1 thousand (4 per cent) more than in 2018. The number of students studying under the general education programmes totalled 325.7 thousand. Almost half of all students (49.8 per cent) study under the general lower secondary education programmes, 118.6 thousand (36.4 per cent) – primary education programmes, 44.9 thousand (13.8 per cent) – general upper secondary education programmes. In 2019, lower secondary education certificates were received by 24.8 thousand students (in 2018, 25 thousand), general certificates of secondary education were awarded to 21.5 thousand (in 2018, 23 thousand). Two thirds of school-leavers (67.4 per cent) in the same year continued education in other educational institutions: 36 per cent – at universities, 21.3 per cent – in colleges, 10.1 per cent – in vocational schools.

In 2019, 92.5 per cent of the youth aged 20–24 had at least upper secondary education (in 2018, 92 per cent). In 2015–2019, the number of persons who received upper secondary education in general and vocational schools amounted to 143.5 thousand, or, on an average, 28.7 thousand every year. In 2019, upper secondary education in general schools was received by 21.5 thousand school-leavers, in vocational education institutions – by 3.9 thousand (in 2018, 23.1 and 4.5 thousand respectively).

 

Number of general schools and students in them
Beginning of the academic year

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4General schoolsStudents in general schools1,3211,3211,3091,3091,2421,2421,2081,2081,2001,2001,1931,1931,1511,1511,1251,1251,0891,0891,0561,056415,873392,922373,874357,530344,721335,202330,869326,061322,344325,677General schoolsStudents in general schools2010–20112011–20122012–20132013–20142014–20152015–20162016–20172017–20182018–20192019–202003006009001,2001,5000100,000200,000300,000400,000500,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Beginning of the 2019–2020 academic year

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

General school graduates

Created with Highcharts 6.1.443,12243,12238,09238,09236,52736,52735,48635,48631,84931,84930,67330,67329,79929,79927,04327,04325,09325,09324,80124,80137,33337,33337,00437,00433,25033,25029,56529,56528,76728,76727,73827,73824,58124,58123,87423,87423,11623,11621,50721,507General lower secondaryGeneral upper secondary2010201120122013201420152016201720182019020,00040,00060,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2019, by sex

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Percentage of youth aged 18–24 without medium level of education and not studying

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent7.97.97.47.46.56.56.36.35.95.95.55.54.84.85.45.44.64.64.04.09.89.810.010.08.18.17.87.87.07.06.96.96.06.07.07.06.16.15.25.26.06.04.64.64.64.64.74.74.64.64.04.03.63.63.83.83.03.02.82.8 TotalMenWomen201020112012201320142015201620172018201902.557.51012.5

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

At the beginning of the 2019–2020 academic year, there were 28.6 thousand teachers and heads of schools working in general schools, which is by 0.5 thousand (1.6 per cent) less than in the 2018–2019 academic year; 28.5 thousand (98 per cent) of them had higher education. Among teachers, women accounted for 88 per cent. More than a third (38.3 per cent) of teachers and heads of schools were aged 50–59, one-fifth (20 per cent) – aged 60 and older. The average age of a teacher – 50.5 years (in 2011, 46.7).

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

General school teachers
Beginning of the academic year

By place of permanent residence

Created with Highcharts 6.1.426,75726,75725,82325,82324,88024,88024,09524,09523,57023,57022,90022,90022,36022,36021,89621,89621,88521,88510,67910,67910,00310,0039,4809,4809,0019,0018,6868,6868,0418,0417,5477,5477,1467,1466,7146,714Urban areaRural area2011–20122012–20132013–20142014–20152015–20162016–20172017–20182018–20192019–2020010,00020,00030,00040,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

By age

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4456.0456.0337.0337.0234.0234.0193.0193.0215.0215.0221.0221.0168.0168.0165.0165.0213.0213.01,7271,7271,6301,6301,3201,3201,0821,0829189187557557267267197196966962,7802,7802,4082,4082,1032,1031,8441,8441,7121,7121,5601,5601,4251,4251,2881,2881,2231,2234,1894,1893,9073,9073,6773,6773,3153,3153,0953,0952,7272,7272,3772,3772,1212,1211,9831,9835,9475,9475,5175,5175,0275,0274,6404,6404,3514,3514,0494,0493,8113,8113,6523,6523,3483,3486,2636,2635,9875,9875,7485,7485,6665,6665,6455,6455,4155,4155,0585,0584,7274,7274,4564,4567,3317,3317,1647,1646,7406,7406,3356,3355,9575,9575,5815,5815,4925,4925,3045,3045,2405,2405,0925,0925,3775,3775,8045,8046,1766,1766,4016,4016,4656,4656,3186,3186,0256,0255,7085,7082,5342,5342,5122,5122,7172,7172,8532,8533,0733,0733,3003,3003,6603,6604,0954,0954,6124,6121,1171,1179879879909909929928898898688688728729469461,1201,120Under 25 years25–29 years30–34 years35–39 years40–44 years45–49 years50–54 years55–59 years60–64 years65 years and older2011–20122012–20132013–20142014–20152015–20162016–20172017–20182018–20192019–202002,0004,0006,0008,00010,00012,00014,00016,00018,00020,00022,00024,00026,00028,00030,00032,00034,00036,00038,00040,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

By age and living area, beginning of the 2019–2020 academic year

Created with Highcharts 6.1.41801805685688938931,4441,4442,5192,5193,4603,4603,9453,9454,3764,3763,6333,63386786733331281283303305395398298299969961,2951,2951,3321,332979979253253Urban areaRural areaUnder 25 years25–29 years30–34 years35–39 years40–44 years45–49 years50–54 years55–59 years60–64 years65 years and older02505007501,0001,2501,5001,7502,0002,2502,5002,7503,0003,2503,5003,7504,0004,2504,5004,7505,0005,2505,5005,7506,0006,250

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

By sex, beginning of the 2019–2020 academic year

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

There was no significant change in the number of subject teachers.

 

Number of subject teachers in general schools

 

2015–2016

2016–2017

2017–2018

2018–2019

2019–2020

Total

24,404

23,084

22,103

21,164

20,705

Mother tongue (Lithuanian)

2,922

2,819

2,855

2,770

2,717

Mother tongue (not Lithuanian)

282

263

258

243

245

National (Lithuanian) language

266

184

×

×

×

History and political science

1,413

1,329

1,271

1,202

1,191

English language

3,218

3,103

2,993

2,898

2,869

French language

135

121

116

107

108

German language

378

346

314

299

276

Russian language

1,171

1,085

1,007

947

926

Other languages

8

7

6

9

12

Mathematics

2,559

2,387

2,276

2,197

2,176

Information technologies

882

847

804

778

751

Natural sciences

121

128

113

105

110

Geography

860

807

772

722

693

Biology

884

843

818

793

764

Economy

91

77

75

66

69

Physics and astronomy

753

698

664

639

637

Chemistry

613

571

537

508

490

Arts

746

702

652

609

591

Music

1,295

1,229

1,205

1,124

1,066

Theatre

30

35

37

34

37

Dance

259

250

252

252

257

Technologies

1,321

1,260

1,235

1,152

1,130

Physical education

1,647

1,560

1,475

1,392

1,378

Religion

716

671

650

615

593

Ethics

436

420

402

378

387

Basics of civil society

29

33

27

25

25

Civil security

144

116

118

112

97

Special subjects

400

413

398

439

407

Other subjects

825

780

773

749

703

× – indicator is not calculated in such expression

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators


More indicators on general education:

Students with special educational needs in general schools and in special schools

General school students by class

Distribution of general schools by language of instruction and number of students in general schools by language of instruction

Students by studying foreign languages in general schools

Pedagogic staff of general schools (excluding teachers and directors)


For further terms, see the Dictionary of Statistical Terms.