Europe 2020 Strategy Targets and Statistical Indicators
 

The Europe 2020 strategy is the EU's agenda for growth and jobs for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth in order to improve Europe's competitiveness and productivity and underpin a sustainable social market economy.

To reach this objective, the EU has adopted targets to be reached by 2020 in five areas:

Employment – 75 per cent of the population aged 20-64 should be employed.

Research and Development – 3 per cent of EU GDP (public and private investment) should be invested in R&D and innovations.

Climate change and energy – a 20% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 compared to 1990; 20% of energy should be generated from renewable energy sources; energy efficiency should be increased by 20 per cent.

Education – it should be ensured that the share of early school leavers is less than 10 per cent; it should be ensured that at least 40 per cent of the population aged 30-34 have completed tertiary education.

Poverty and social exclusion – to reduce the number of people below the poverty line or at risk of poverty by at last 20 million.

 

The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 20 to 64 in employment by the total population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey. The survey covers the entire population living in private households and excludes those in collective households such as boarding houses, halls of residence and hospitals. Employed population consists of those persons who during the reference week did any work for pay or profit for at least one hour, or were not working but had jobs from which they were temporarily absent.

The map presents the indicator objectives to be achieved. The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

 

The indicator provided is GERD (Gross domestic expenditure on R&D) as a percentage of GDP. "Research and experimental development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications" (Frascati Manual, 2002 edition, § 63).

The map presents the indicator objectives to be achieved. The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

 

This indicator shows trends in total man-made emissions (of both the ESD and ETS sectors) of the ‘Kyoto basket’ of greenhouse gases. It presents annual total emissions in relation to 1990 emissions. The ‘Kyoto basket’ of greenhouse gases includes: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and the so-called F-gases (hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, nitrogen triflouride (NF3) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). These gases are aggregated into a single unit using gas-specific global warming potential (GWP) factors. The aggregated greenhouse gas emissions are expressed in units of CO2 equivalents. The indicator does not include emissions and removals related to land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); nor does it include emissions from international maritime transport. It does however include emissions from international aviation. CO2 emissions from biomass with energy recovery are reported as a Memorandum item according to UNFCCC Guidelines and not included in national greenhouse gas totals. The EU as a whole is committed to achieving at least a 20% reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 compared to 1990. This objective implies:
- a 21 % reduction in emissions from sectors covered by the EU ETS (emission trading scheme) compared to 2005 by 2020;
- a reduction of 10 % in emissions for sectors outside the EU ETS covered by the ESD (effort sharing decision). To achieve this 10% overall target each Member State has agreed country-specific greenhouse gas emission limits for 2020 compared to 2005 (Council Decision 2009/406/EC).

Data Source: European Environment Agency

The map presents the indicator objectives to be achieved. The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

 

This indicator is based on the definitions included in the Directive 2009/28/EC (Renewable Energy Directive) on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. It is calculated on the basis of data collected in the framework of Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics and complemented by specific supplementary data transmitted by national administrations to Eurostat. This indicator measures how extensive is the use of renewable energy and, by implication, the degree to which renewable fuels have substituted fossil and/or nuclear fuels and therefore contributed to the decarbonisation of the EU economy. It also show what is the progress on EU level towards Europe 2020 target for renewable energies of increasing the share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption to 20% by 2020.

The map presents the indicator objectives to be achieved. The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

 

By "Primary Energy Consumption" is meant the Gross Inland Consumption excluding all non-energy use of energy carriers (e.g. natural gas used not for combustion but for producing chemicals). This quantity is relevant for measuring the true energy consumption and for comparing it to the Europe 2020 targets. The "Percentage of savings" is calculated using these values of 2005 and its forecast for 2020 targets in Directive 2012/27/EU; the Europe 2020 target is reached when this value reaches the level of 20%.

The map presents the indicator objectives to be achieved. The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

 

By "Final Energy Consumption" is meant all energy supplied to industry, transport, households, services and agriculture (it excludes deliveries to the energy transformation sector and the energy industries themselves). This quantity is relevant for measuring the energy consumption at final place of energy use and for comparing it to the Europe 2020 targets. The "Percentage of savings" is calculated using these values of 2005 and its forecast for 2020 targets in Directive 2012/27/EU; the Europe 2020 target is reached when this value reaches the level of 20 %.

The map presents the indicator objectives to be achieved. The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

 

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The indicator is defined as the percentage of the population aged 18-24 with at most lower secondary education and who were not in further education or training during the last four weeks preceding the survey. Lower secondary education refers to ISCED (International Standard Classification of Education) 2011 level 0-2 for data from 2014 onwards and to ISCED 1997 level 0-3C short for data up to 2013. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey.

The map presents the indicator objectives to be achieved. The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

 

The indicator is defined as the percentage of the population aged 30-34 who have successfully completed tertiary studies (e.g. university, higher technical institution, etc.). This educational attainment refers to ISCED (International Standard Classification of Education) 2011 level 5-8 for data from 2014 onwards and to ISCED 1997 level 5-6 for data up to 2013. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey.

The map presents the indicator objectives to be achieved. The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

 

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The Europe 2020 strategy promotes social inclusion, in particular through the reduction of poverty, by aiming to lift at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty and social exclusion. This indicator corresponds to the sum of persons who are: at risk of poverty or severely materially deprived or living in households with very low work intensity. Persons are only counted once even if they are present in several sub-indicators. At risk-of-poverty are persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers). Material deprivation covers indicators relating to economic strain and durables. Severely materially deprived persons have living conditions severely constrained by a lack of resources, they experience at least 4 out of 9 following deprivations items: cannot afford i) to pay rent or utility bills, ii) keep home adequately warm, iii) face unexpected expenses, iv) eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day, v) a week holiday away from home, vi) a car, vii) a washing machine, viii) a colour TV, or ix) a telephone. People living in households with very low work intensity are those aged 0-59 living in households where the adults (aged 18-59) work 20% or less of their total work potential during the past year.

The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

 

People living in households with very low work intensity are people aged 0-59 living in households where the adults work 20% or less of their total work potential during the past year.

The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

The persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers).

The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.

The collection "material deprivation" covers indicators relating to economic strain, durables, housing and environment of the dwelling. Severely materially deprived persons have living conditions severely constrained by a lack of resources, they experience at least 4 out of 9 following deprivations items: cannot afford i) to pay rent or utility bills, ii) keep home adequately warm, iii) face unexpected expenses, iv) eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day, v) a week holiday away from home, vi) a car, vii) a washing machine, viii) a colour TV, or ix) a telephone.

The results obtained are provided in the Eurostat database table.


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