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2018-03-21

International migration of the Lithuanian population


Statistics Lithuania informs that based on final data in 2017, 47.9 thousand residents emigrated from Lithuania. Against 2016, the number of emigrants decreased by 2.4 thousand, or by 4.8 per cent.

Last year, 20.4 thousand people immigrated to Lithuania, of whom 10.2 thousand citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to Lithuania and 10.2 thousand foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania. Against 2016, the number of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to Lithuania decreased by 4.1 thousand (28.5 per cent), that of foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania – increased by 4.3 thousand (1.7 times).

In 2017, the number of emigrants exceeded that of immigrants by 27.5 thousand (in 2016, 30.2 thousand).

Fig. 1. The number of emigrants and crude emigration rate, 2011–2017


In 2017, the number of emigrants per 1000 population stood at 16.9 (in 2016, 17.5).

In 2017, the number of male and female emigrants amounted to 24.7 thousand (51.5 per cent) and 23.2 thousand (48.5 per cent of the total number of emigrants) respectively (in 2016, 25.4 thousand, or 50.5 per cent, and 24.9 thousand, or 49.5 per cent, respectively).

In 2017, the average age of emigrants was 28 years (in 2016, 29 years).

In 2017, most emigrants chose the United Kingdom as their destination of emigration – 21.6 thousand (45 per cent); Norway was chosen by 5 thousand (10.5 per cent), Germany – 4.1 thousand (8.6 per cent), Ireland – 3.4 thousand (7 per cent), Denmark – 1.7 thousand (3.5 per cent), Sweden – 1.6 thousand (3.3 per cent) emigrants. In 2016, 46.2 per cent of emigrants emigrated to the United Kingdom, 8.4 per cent – to Ireland, 7.8 per cent – to Norway, 7.6 per cent – to Germany.

In 2017, 45.3 thousand (94.5 per cent of the total number of emigrants) citizens of the Republic of Lithuania emigrated from Lithuania (in 2016, 46.1 thousand (91.5 per cent)). 2.6 thousand (5.5 per cent) citizens of other countries emigrated from Lithuania; most of them were citizens of the Russian Federation (710), Ukraine (616), Belarus (348), India (126) and Iran (85).

Most – 88.5 per cent – emigrants were born in Lithuania, 2.5 per cent – Russia, 2 per cent – the United Kingdom, 1.5 per cent – Ukraine.

In 2017, more than half of all male (65.1 per cent) and female (59.4 per cent) emigrants aged 18 and older had never been married (in 2016, 59.2 and 53.9 per cent respectively). In 2017, each fourth male and female emigrant aged 18 and older was married (in 2016, each third male and female). Divorced and widowed male emigrants aged 18 and older made up 8.4 per cent of all male emigrants, divorced and widowed female emigrants of the same age group – 14.5 per cent of all female emigrants (in 2016, 10.2 and 16.3 per cent respectively).

In 2017, the crude immigration rate stood at 7.2 (in 2016, 7). Last year, there were 3.6 citizens of the Republic of Lithuania returned to Lithuania and 3.6 foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania per 1000 population (in 2016, 4.9 and 2.1 respectively).

Fig.2. Citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to Lithuania and foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania, 2011–2017


In 2017, almost half (4.9 thousand, or 48.3 per cent) of all citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to Lithuania came back from the United Kingdom, 978 (9.6 per cent) – Norway, 807 (7.9 per cent) – Ireland, 643 (6.3 per cent) – Germany. In 2016, less than half (44.6 per cent) of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to the country came back from the United Kingdom, each eleventh (9.5 per cent), each twelfth (8.6 per cent) – Ireland.

In 2017, 4.3 thousand (42.5 per cent of all foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania) citizens of Ukraine, 2.7 thousand (26.6 per cent) citizens of Belarus, 656 (6.4 per cent) citizens of the Russian, 336 (3.3 per cent) citizens of India, 219 (2.1 per cent) citizens of Syria immigrated to Lithuania. Against 2016, the number of the citizens of Ukraine and Belarus who immigrated to Lithuania increased 2.7 and 2.3 times respectively.

Fig.3. Average age of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to Lithuania and foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania (male and female), 2011–2017


In 2017, the average age of the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to Lithuania was 30 years (in 2016, 31 years), that of foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania – 36 years (in 2016, 34 years).

Concepts

Emigration is the departure from a country with the intention to take up permanent residence in another country or for a period of not less than 12 months.

Immigration is the arrival in a country with the intention to take up permanent residence or for a period of not less than 12 months.

Net international migration is the difference between the total number of immigrants and that of emigrants.

Foreigner is any person other than a citizen of the Republic of Lithuania, irrespective of whether s/he is a foreign national or a stateless person.

 

More information on the issue is available in the Database of Indicators.



Contact info :

Danguolė Svidlerienė
Acting Head, Demographic and Migration Statistics Division
Tel. (+370 5) 236 4770
Email danguole.svidleriene@stat.gov.lt

© Statistics Lithuania
Reproduction and quotation are authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

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