The population of Lithuania (edition 2022)

International migration

 

Photo from Pixabay.com

 

In 2021, 44.9 thousand people immigrated to Lithuania, which is 4.1 per cent (by 1.8 thousand) more than in 2020.

In 2021, 25.2 thousand residents emigrated from Lithuania. Against 2020, the number of emigrants increased by 9.1 per cent (2.1 thousand).

Over the last two years (2020–2021), the number of residents who returned to Lithuania exceeded that of people who emigrated from Lithuania (in 2021 – by 4.9 thousand).

In 2021, the number of foreign immigrants exceeded that of emigrants by 14.8 thousand.

Over the last ten years (2012–2021), 285.7 thousand persons immigrated to Lithuania, of whom 180.1 thousand (63 per cent) were Lithuanian nationals who returned to Lithuania, and 105.6 thousand (37 per cent) – foreigners. In 2012–2021, 369 thousand residents emigrated from Lithuania, of whom 323.1 thousand (87.6 per cent) were Lithuanian nationals, and  45.9 thousand (12.4 per cent) – foreigners. During the same period, in 2012–2021, the number of people who emigrated from Lithuania exceeded the number of those who immigrated to Lithuania by 83.3 thousand. The net international migration by Lithuanian nationals was negative (the number of those who emigrated exceeded the number of those who immigrated by 143 thousand), by foreigners – positive (the number of those who immigrated exceeded the number of those who emigrated by 59.7 thousand).

 

Net international migration, 2012–2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4-21,257-16,807-12,327-22,403-30,171-27,557-3,29210,79419,99319,653-7.1-5.7-4.2-7.7-10.5-9.7-1.23.87.17.0Net international migrationCrude net international migration rate (per 1,000 population)2012201320142015201620172018201920202021-32,000-24,000-16,000-8,00008,00016,00024,000-32-24-16-8081624

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2021, the crude immigration rate stood at 16 (in 2020, 15.4). Last year, there were 8.5 citizens of the Republic of Lithuania per 1,000 population who returned to Lithuania, and 7.5 foreigners per 1,000 population who immigrated to Lithuania (in 2020, 7.4 and 8 respectively).

In 2021, 23.7 thousand (52.9 per cent of all immigrants) citizens of the Republic of Lithuania returned to Lithuania, which is by 2.9 thousand (14 per cent) more than in 2020. In 2021, more than half (12.8 thousand (54 per cent) of them were men.

In 2021, most of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to Lithuania came back from the United Kingdom (11.9 thousand, or 50.4 per cent), Norway (2.2 thousand, or 9.4 per cent), Germany (1.9 thousand, or 8.1 per cent), Ireland (1.8 thousand, or 7.8 per cent). Against 2020, the number of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to Lithuania from Ireland, the United Kingdom, Germany and Norway  increased (by 31.2, 24, 17.3 and 13.6 per cent respectively).

In 2021–2020, the median age of male and female citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who returned to Lithuania was 30 and 29 years respectively.

Less than half (49.1 per cent) of male and 39.9 per cent of female citizens of the Republic of Lithuania aged 18 and over who returned to Lithuania in 2021 have never been married, one fourth of  men (25.5 per cent) and one third of women (35.1 per cent) – were married.

In 2021, 21.2 thousand foreigners immigrated to the country (47.1 per cent of all immigrants), which is by 1.1 thousand (5.1 per cent) more than in 2020. In 2021, the majority (17.6 thousand or 83.1 per cent) of foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania were men.

 The majority (8.3 thousand, or 39.2 per cent) of foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania in 2021 were the citizens of Belarus, 6.3 thousand (29.8 per cent) – Ukraine, 1.8 thousand (8.4 per cent) – the Russian Federation. Over the year, the number of citizens of Ukraine who immigrated to Lithuania decreased by 1.5 times, while of Belarus  and the Russian Federation – increased by 13.8 per cent and 1.8 times respectively.

In 2021, the median age of male foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania was 37, female – 31 years (in 2020, 37 and 29 years respectively).

The majority of male (89.8 per cent) and more than half of female (56.7 per cent) foreign immigrants aged 18 and older had never been married, 9.4 per cent of men and 39.9 per cent of women – were married.

 

Return migration of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania and foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania, 2012–2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Thous.17.417.419.019.019.519.518.418.414.214.210.210.216.616.620.420.420.820.823.723.72.52.53.03.04.84.83.73.76.06.010.210.212.312.319.719.722.322.321.221.2Return migration of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania thousandForeigners who immigrated to Lithuania thousandReturn migration of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania per 1,000 populationForeigners who immigrated to Lithuania per 1,000 population2012201320142015201620172018201920202021061218243003691215

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2021, the crude emigration rate (the number of emigrants per 1,000 population) was on the increase and stood at 9 ‰ (in 2020, at 18.3 ‰).

In 2021, the number of male and female emigrants amounted to 17.7 thousand and 7.5 thousand respectively, i.e. the number of male emigrants exceeded that of female emigrants by 10.2 thousand. Against 2020, the number of male increased by 3.4 thousand (24.1 per cent), while the number of female emigrants – decreased by 1.3 thousand (15.3 per cent).

 

Emigrants 2012–2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.441,10038,81836,62144,53350,33347,92532,20629,27323,10325,20513.713.112.515.317.516.911.510.58.39.0EmigrantsCrude emigration rate (per 1,000 population)2012201320142015201620172018201920202021015,00030,00045,00060,00005101520

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Last year, 6.1 thousand (24.1 per cent) of all emigrants chose the United Kingdom as their destination of emigration, Norway was chosen by 2.6 thousand (10.1 per cent), Germany – 2.3 thousand (9.3 per cent), Ukraine – 2 thousand (7.8 per cent),  the Netherlands – 1.5 thousand (5.9 per cent). Compared to 2020, the number of emigrants to Norway, the Netherlands and Germany increased (0.9 thousand (1.5 times), 0.7 thousand (1.8 times) and 0.6 thousand (1.3 times) respectively), while to Ukraine – decreased by 1.9 thousand (48.9 per cent). The number of emigrants to the United Kingdom slightly increased (by 0.4 per cent.)

 

Emigrants by next place (country) of residence, 2020–2021

2020 2021
Created with Highcharts 6.1.4United Kingdom6,043United Kingdom6,043Norway1,686Norway1,686Germany1,778Germany1,778Ukraine3,831Ukraine3,831Ireland921Ireland921USA415USA415Spain390Spain390Other countries8,039Other countries8,039

 

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4United Kingdom6,065United Kingdom6,065Norway2,554Norway2,554Germany2,345Germany2,345Ukraine1,958Ukraine1,958Ireland1,183Ireland1,183USA776USA776Spain549Spain549Other countries9,775Other countries9,775

 

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2021, median age of male and female emigrants was 33 and 27 years respectively, and remained unchanged compared with 2020

In 2021, the majority (71.4 per cent) of emigrants were born in Lithuania, 7.5 per cent – in Ukraine, 4.9 per cent – in Russia, 4.5 per cent – in Belarus.

In 2021, 18.8 thousand (74.7 per cent of the total number of emigrants) citizens of the Republic of Lithuania emigrated from Lithuania (in 2020, 15.3 thousand, or 66.3 per cent). 6.4 thousand (25.3 per cent) citizens of other countries emigrated from Lithuania; most of them were citizens of Ukraine (1.9 thousand), Belarus (1.1 thousand), the Russian Federation (925), India (256), the United States (119).

In 2021, more than half of male (57.2 per cent) and female (56.3 per cent) emigrants aged 18 and older had never been married, 33 per cent of male and 28.3 per cent of female emigrants – were married.

 

International migration, 2012–2021

 

Immigration

Emigration

Net international migration

Crude emigration rate (per 1,000 population)

Crude immigration rate (per 1,000 population)

Crude net international migration rate (per 1,000 population)

2021

44,858

25,205

19,653

9.0

16.0

7.0

2020

43,096

23,103

19,993

8.3

15.4

7.1

2019

40,067

29,273

10,794

14.3

10.5

3.8

2018

28,914

32,206

-3,292

10.3

11.5

-1.2

2017

20,368

47,925

-27,557

7.2

16.9

-9.7

2016

20,162

50,333

-30,171

7.0

17.5

-10.5

2015

22,130

44,533

-22,403

7.6

15.3

-7.7

2014

24,294

36,621

-12,327

8.3

12.5

-4.2

2013

22,011

38,818

-16,807

7.4

13.1

-5.7

2012

19,843

41,100

-21,257

6.6

13.7

-7.1


The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Return migration of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania and foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania by previous place (country) of residence, 2021

Return migration of citizens of the Republic of Lithuania Foreigners who immigrated to Lithuania
Created with Highcharts 6.1.411,94411,9442,2292,2291,9091,9091,8481,848945945867867684684558558539539438438United KingdomNorwayGermanyIrelandThe NetherlandsDenmarkSwedenUSASpainRussia05,00010,00015,000

 

Created with Highcharts 6.1.48,2888,2886,3106,3101,7561,756378378364364307307223223194194192192183183BelarusUkraineRussiaUzbekistanKyrgyzstanIndiaKazakhstanMoldovaAfghanistanUnited Kingdom03,0006,0009,00012,00015,000

 

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Emigrants by age group, 2012–2021

Age group

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

Total

41,100

38,818

36,621

44,533

50,333

47,925

32,206

29,273

23,103

25,205

0–4

1,969

1,912

1,825

1,935

2,753

1,916

1,411

1,192

840

218

5–9

1,672

1,749

1,808

1,964

2,269

1,947

1,533

1,386

942

279

10–14

1,538

1,399

1,326

1,640

1,736

1,452

1,088

978

623

259

15–19

2,900

2,502

2,351

2,726

3,011

3,637

2,781

2,127

1,511

1,334

20–24

8,435

7,684

6,742

8,595

8,320

10,957

6,500

5,386

3,298

3,890

25–29

8,233

7,145

6,562

7,634

9,312

9,627

5,960

5,171

3,600

3,660

30–34

5,067

5,136

4,874

5,747

7,160

5,822

3,833

3,715

3,236

3,284

35–39

3,601

3,421

3,497

4,478

4,985

3,713

2,556

2,798

2,699

3,101

40–44

2,667

2,608

2,479

3,244

3,537

2,898

2,067

2,049

2,088

2,797

45–49

2,081

1,988

1,959

2,576

2,748

2,491

1,777

1,796

1,762

2,401

50–54

1,465

1,506

1,432

1,807

2,200

1,709

1,252

1,210

1,209

1,790

55–59

711

805

969

1,165

1,322

1,057

780

792

702

1,182

60–64

273

289

307

405

467

310

283

289

277

586

65–69

140

204

156

232

203

158

125

133

138

197

70–74

108

145

83

101

91

70

80

73

54

109

75–79

91

111

91

123

91

75

66

72

32

41

≥80

149

214

160

161

128

86

114

106

92

77


The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Emigrants by sex and next place (country) of residence, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.44,3894,3891,8781,8781,6401,6401,5881,5888668664964963573576,5366,5361,6761,6766766763183187577573173172802801921923,2393,239MalesFemalesUnited KingdomNorwayUkraineGermanyIrelandUSASpainOther countries02505007501,0001,2501,5001,7502,0002,2502,5002,7503,0003,2503,5003,7504,0004,2504,5004,7505,0005,2505,5005,7506,0006,2506,5006,7507,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Emigrants and immigrants by municipality, 2021 Žemėlapis

 

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Emigrants and immigrants by rural area of counties, 2021

Counties

Immigrants

Emigrants

Net internatio­nal migration

Total

12,306

7,799

4,507

Alytus

553

438

115

Kaunas

3,060

1,513

1,547

Klaipėda

1,756

984

772

Marijampolė

768

559

209

Panevėžys

818

722

96

Šiauliai

1,010

761

249

Tauragė

469

491

-22

Telšiai

629

522

107

Utena

521

452

69

Vilnius

2,722

1,357

1,365


The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators


More:

Emigrants by citizenship and sex, 2021

Emigrants by sex and marital status, 2020, 2021

Immigrants by sex and age group, 2012–2022

Immigrants by previous place (country) of residence, 2012–2021

Immigrants by previous place (country) of residence and sex, 2021

Immigrants by sex and marital status, 2020, 2021


For further terms, see the Dictionary of Statistical Terms