Under the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (hereinafter referred to as ‘UN Convention'), persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others. The European Disability Strategy 2010–2020 provides a framework for action at the European level, as well as with national action, to address the diverse situation of men, women and children with disabilities. With regard to the objectives and the scope of the Strategy, statistics on persons with disabilities cover statistical information on their living conditions, social inclusion, labour force participation, accessibility of healthcare and education, etc.
In 2010, Lithuania ratified the UN Convention, whose implementation mechanism provides for the periodic assessment of the situation of persons with disabilities under the provisions of the said Convention. In 2016, the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for the first time assessed the implementation of the UN Convention by Lithuania and on 20 April 2016 provided concluding observations and recommendations (DOC) for further actions.
Statistics Lithuania as part of the European Statistical System (ESS) participates in the implementation of the European Statistics Work Programme and, together with other EU countries, carries out statistical population surveys (interviews), covering various aspects of the European Disability Strategy.
In order to achieve international comparability, in statistical population surveys (interviews), persons whose daily activity has been largely or somewhat limited due to health problems for 6 months or longer are considered to be persons with disabilities.
Data sources for statistics on persons with disabilities
Survey on income and living conditions
The survey has been conducted on an annual basis since 2005. Based on the survey results, the proportion of persons aged 16 and older whose activity due to health problems has been limited, compared to activities people usually do, for at least 6 months in the total population, their self-perceived health, living conditions, economic difficulties are assessed, at-risk-of-poverty and material deprivation indicators are calculated.
- Self-perceived health of the population with and without limitation in activities people usually do because of health problems
- Self-reported unmet needs for medical examination or treatment of the population with and without limitation in activities people usually do because of health problems
- Population with and without limitation in activities people usually do because of health problems affected by material deprivation in the dwelling dimension
- Population with and without limitation in activities people usually do because of health problems affected by material deprivation in the economic dimension
- At-risk-of-poverty rate of the population with and without limitation in activities people usually do because of health problems
Health interview survey
In Lithuania, the survey was for the first time conducted in 2005, for the second – in 2014 and 2019. Based on the survey results, the health status, lifestyle of and use of healthcare services by the population aged 15 and older were assessed. In the survey, the group of persons whose activity due to health problems has been limited, compared to activities people usually do, for at least 6 months is distinguished.
Statistical survey on employment of persons with longstanding disorders
In 2011, a statistical survey on employment of persons with longstanding disorders was conducted, where the proportion of the population aged 15–64 whose everyday activity due to health problems or functional disorders was limited for 6 months of longer in the total population of that age and their labour force participation were assessed.
Health and social integration survey (EHSIS)
On Eurostat's request, in 2012, a market research company TNS LT conducted a health and social integration survey. Based on the survey data, statistics on obstacles faced in everyday life by the population aged 15 and older with longstanding health problems or functional disorders were produced.
The source of statistical information on the social protection of persons with disabilities is the European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics (ESSPROS), covering statistics on expenditure on benefits and services for persons with disabilities.
Document updated: 2020-03-12