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Mortality

In 2020, Lithuanian population mortality rate increased and stood at 1,558.1 per 100,000 population (in 2019 – 1,370). The main causes of death remained unchanged: circulatory system diseases, malignancies and external causes of death accounted for 77.3 per cent of total causes of death. COVID-19 also had a significant impact on the increase in mortality – deaths caused by it accounted for 5.2 per cent of total deaths.

The standardized mortality rate also increased and stood at 1,497.99 per 100,000 population (in 2019 – 1,329.26).


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Minimum monthly wage

In August 2021 the minimum monthly wage is EUR 642, the minimum hourly pay – EUR 3.93.


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Social protection

In 2020, 5.2 thousand persons received state social insurance early old-age pensions (of them – 2.8 thousand women), and, compared to 2019, their number decreased by 11.9 per cent.


Indicators of accommodation establishments

In June 2021, the number of overnight stays in the accommodation establishments totalled 531 thousand, which is by 15.6 per cent more than a year ago. The number of overnight stays of foreigners stood at 78.5 thousand and increased by 6.1 per cent. In June 2021, room and bed occupancy rates in hotels and motels stood at 37.5 and 31.1 per cent respectively, and compared to the last year, increased by 10 and 7.2 percentage points respectively.


Gross agricultural production

In 2020, gross agricultural production amounted to EUR 2.89 billion at current prices.


At-risk-of-poverty indicators

In 2020, against 2019, at-risk-of-poverty rate and absolute poverty rate decreased by 0.9 and 1.5 per cent respectively.


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Energy

In May 2021, compared to May 2020, resources of liquefied petroleum gas increased by 21.3, road transport diesel – 7.6, crude petroleum – 5.7 per cent. Resources of motor gasoline decreased by 39.9 per cent. Resources of electricity increased by 5.6 per cent, while those of natural gas decreased by 13.8 per cent.


Purchase prices of agricultural products

In June 2021, against June 2020, purchase prices of agricultural products increased by 13.9 per cent. Purchase prices for crop products increased by 14.3 per cent, those for animal products – by 13.4 per cent.


Registered unemployment

As of 1 July 2021, the number of unemployed persons registered at the customer service departments of the Employment Service Under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania totalled 223.7 thousand, which is by 15.6 thousand (7.5 per cent) more than as of 1 July 2020. Compared to the end of I quarter 2021, the number of the unemployed decreased by 36.1 thousand (13.9 per cent), since the beginning of the year – by 53.4 thousand (19.3 per cent). More than half (51.5 per cent) of unemployed persons registered with the Employment Service on 1 July 2021 have secondary education, 26.1 per cent – higher university or non-university education.


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ICT use in enterprises

At the beginning of 2021, 4.5 per cent of enterprises used artificial intelligence technologies. 1.6 per cent of enterprises used technologies performing analysis of written language, 0.8 per cent – technologies converting spoken language into machine-readable format, 1.5 per cent – identifying objects or persons based on images, 1.2 per cent – machine learning for data analysis, 2.3 per cent – technologies automating different workflows or assisting in decision making, 0.9 per cent – technologies enabling physical movement of machines via autonomous decisions based on observation of surrounding.


Animal production

As of 1 July 2021, compared to 1 July 2020, in the farmers’ and family farms as well as agricultural companies and enterprises, milk yield increased by 1 per cent, while production of meat (live weight) decreased by 6 per cent, the number of eggs collected – by 8 per cent.


Social protection

In 2020, expenditure on state social insurance sickness benefits increased almost 1.5 times and amounted to EUR 459.7 million, the number of paid sick days grew by 43.2 per cent.

In 2020, 36.9 thousand persons received state social insurance childcare benefits, and, compared to 2019, their number decreased by 2.6 per cent. Expenditure on these benefits grew by 4.7 per cent and amounted to EUR 252.5 million.


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Population

At the beginning of 2021, the resident population of Lithuania totalled 2 million 795.7 thousand, i.e. by 1.6 persons more than at the beginning of 2020.

At the beginning of 2021, the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania accounted for 97.1 per cent of the country’s resident population, those of Ukraine – 1.0 per cent, Belarus – 0.7 per cent, Russia – 0.4 per cent.

Most residents of the country (2 million 630.5 thousand, or 94.1 per cent) were born in Lithuania, 165.2 thousand (5.9 per cent) – abroad.

Almost half (49.2 per cent) of the resident population aged 15 and older were married, 10.5 per cent were divorced, 7.4 per cent – wido­wed. The number of divorced women was 1.9 times, that of widowed women – 8.3 times higher than that of men.

In 2020, there were 9.0 live births per 1,000 popula­tion (in 2019, 9.8). The total fertility rate decreased from 1.61 (in 2019) to 1.48 (in 2020). In 2020, the mean age of women at the birth of the first child was 28.2 years (in 2019, 28 years).

In 2020, the crude death rate (the number of deaths per 1 000 population) stood at 15.6 (in 2019, 13.7). In 2020, the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births was 2.8 (in 2019, 3.3).

In 2020, life expectancy at birth for men was 70.1 years, for women – 80.1 years (in 2019, 71.5 for men and 81 for women respectively). In 2020, the difference between life ex­pectan­cy at birth for men and for women was 10 years (2019 – 9.5 years).

In 2020, there were 5.5 marriages and 2.7 divorces per 1,000 population. In 2020, the number of divorces per 100 marriages stood at 49.3 (in 2019, 44.5). The ratio of marriages to divorces is more precisely reflected by the total divorce rate, which is calculated taking into account the duration of the previous marriage. If the previous year’s ratio does not change, it is probable that, out of 100 couples, 35 will get divorced.


Transport and communications

In II quarter 2021, goods transport by rail amounted to 12.2 million tonnes, which is by 0.2 per cent less than in the same period of 2020.

In June 2021, the number of passenger cars registered in the country for the first time amounted to 14.4 thousand, which is by 22.2 per cent less than in June 2020.


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Road transport

In 2020, the length of state roads was 21.2 thousand km and, compared to 2019, remained unchanged. The length of local roads was 63.8 thousand km, which is by 0.5 per cent less than in 2019. The data on road length were revised after road inventory and cadastral measurements.


ICT systems using in enterprises

At the beginning of 2021, 28.4 per cent of enterprises used the devices or systems of the Internet of Things (at the beginning of 2020, 19.4 per cent). 60.5 per cent of the users of such devices and systems were the large enterprises (in 2020, 43.4 per cent).

7.3 per cent of enterprises used smart meters, lamps or thermostats to optimize energy consumption, 5.3 per cent – sensors, RFID, IP tags or Internet-controlled cameras to improve customer service, 22.5 per cent – smart alarm systems, smoke detectors, door locks, security cameras, 7.6 per cent – sensors to monitor technical maintenance of vehicles.


Investments in tangible fixed assets

Based data 2019, investments in tangible fixed assets within the territory of the country amounted to EUR 9.15 billion, or by 18.1 per cent more than in 2018.

The biggest attention of investors is paid to Vilnius, Kaunas and Klaipėda counties. Based on provisional data 2019, investment in Vilnius county accounts for about 41.4 per cent of the total investment in the country, Kaunas and Klaipėda counties – around 18.6 and 16.6 per cent respectively. The lowest investment is made in Tauragė and Utena counties – 1.3 and 1.6 per cent respectively.


Society and work

In June 2021, the number of dismissed employees amounted to 54.5 thousand and, against May 2021, increased by 9.9 thousand. The number of hired employees stood at 61.4 thousand, which was by 9.8 thousand more than in the previous month.

In June 2021, compared to June 2020, the number of hired employees increased by 10.9 thousand.


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Educational finance

In 2020, allocations from general government funds and funds of domestic and foreign natural/legal persons per general school student averaged EUR 2,863 (+246) and EUR 238 (+29) respectively.

In the Capital Region, allocations from general government funds and funds of domestic and foreign natural/legal persons per general school student averaged EUR 2,845 (+246) and EUR 442 (+70) respectively, in Central and Western Lithuania Region – EUR 2,871 (+245) and EUR 147 (+9) respectively. 

In 2020, allocations from general government funds and domestic and foreign natural/legal persons per pre-school pupil averaged EUR 3,665 (+483) and EUR 615 (-10) respectively. In the Capital Region, allocations from general government funds and funds of domestic and foreign natural/legal persons per pre-school pupil averaged EUR 2,845 (+618) and EUR 1,000 (+87) respectively, in Central and Western Lithuania Region – EUR 3,597 (+407) and EUR 399 (-65) respectively. 


Deaths by cause of death

3,730 deaths of permanent residents of Lithuania were registered in May. The majority of them died from circulatory system diseases (1,831 deaths, 49.1 per cent), malignancies (620 deaths, 16.6 per cent) and COVID–19 (431 deaths, 11.6 per cent).


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Demographic indicators

Based on provisional data, at the beginning of July 2021, 2 783.5 thousand resident population were living in Lithuania, which is by 12.2 thousand less than at the beginning of the year.

In January–June 2021, compared to the same period of the previous year:

  • The number of live births decreased by 1 094 babies (8.7 per cent) and stood at 11 455;
  • The number of deaths increased by 3 513 (17.4 per cent) and stood 23 665;
  • The number of marriages increased by 661 couples and the number of divorces decreased by 9 couples;
  • The number of residents who emigrated from Lithuania increased by 8 390 persons (1.8 times) and stood at

18 495;

  • The number of persons who immigrated to Lithuania decreased by 1 132 persons (5.8 per cent) and stood at

18 508.

In January–June 2021, 57 per cent of immigrants were the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who came back to Lithuania.

Health care

In Lithuania, changes in the number of persons employed in the health sector were moderate: the number of doctors slightly decreased, that of nurses and dentists – increased. At the end of 2020, in Lithuania, the number of doctors stood at 13,205 (47.2 per 10,000 population), dentists – 3,182 (11.4 per 10,000 population), nurses and obstetricians – 22,783 (81.5 per 10,000 population). The number of beds in hospitals decreased by 4.3 per cent and stood at 22,817 (81.6 beds per 10,000 population). Out of total number of hospital beds, the number of active treatment beds amounted to 12,278 (43.9 active treatment beds per 10,000 population).

Organic crop production

In 2020, against 2019, the number of certified organic production farms in Lithuania decreased by 7.74 per cent, the certified area therein – by 2.75 per cent, while the number of certified processing enterprises grew by 19.35 per cent.

In 2020, against 2019, an increase in the number of farm animals in the certified organic production farms in Lithuania was recorded: cattle – by 0.65, poultry – 20.78, pigs – 31.30 per cent, while the number of goats and sheep decreased by 11.04 and 12.13 per cent respectively.


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In July 2021, the minimum monthly wage is EUR 642, the minimum hourly pay – EUR 3.93.


It is projected that the area of grain crops will amount to 1 million 486.5 thousand in 2021, which is by 2.4 per cent less than in 2020 due to a 3.8 per cent decrease in the area under cereals, while the area for legume seeds increased by 11.4 per cent.

The area under rapeseed will be 290 thousand ha, or by 1.5 per cent more than in 2020.

Area under sugar beet will amount to 13 thousand ha, or by 16.2 per cent less than in 2020.


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Tourism

In May 2021, the number of overnight stays in the accommodation establishments totalled 317.1 thousand, which is 2.3 times more than a year ago. The number of overnight stays of foreigners stood at 56.1 thousand and increased 1.8 times.

In May 2021, room and bed occupancy rates in hotels and motels stood at 29.1 and 22 per cent respectively, and compared to the last year, increased by 18.5 and 13.1 percentage points respectively.


In 2020, the number of doctors taking care for the health of children by professional qualifications varied differently. The number of family doctors slightly decreased: from 2,086 (in 2019) to 2,030 (in 2020), pediatricians – from 519 (in 2019) to 471 (in 2020). The number of pediatricians of other professional qualifications did not change much.

Children’s Incidence of tuberculosis

In 2020, the Tuberculosis Registry registered 18 children suffering from tuberculosis, or 3.6/100000 among 0–17 aged children (in 2019, 42 children, or 8.4/100000). In 2020, this figure significantly decreased among rural boys (from 18 in 2019 to 2 cases in 2020) and rural girls (from 15 cases in 2019 to 4 cases in 2020).


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In 2020, our courts sentenced 16 thousand people, of whom 15.6 thousand (97.1 per cent) – adults, and 0.46 thousand (2.9 per cent) – minors aged 14-17.


In 2020, funds received by educational establishments amounted to EUR 2.3 billion, which is by EUR 238 million (12 per cent) more compared to 2019.

The general government funds represented a major percentage – 81 per cent (EUR 1.9 billion) – of the funds received by educational establishments. Over the year, they increased by EUR 198 million (12 per cent).
 

In 2020, on average, the amount of EUR 3,180 (+330) per student in the educational establishment was from the general government funds, and EUR 744 (+70) – from the country’s or foreign natural or legal persons.


In April 2021, against April 2020, motor gasoline resources increased by 30.1 per cent, liquefied petroleum gas – 16.8 per cent, diesel fuel used for road transport – 11.2 per cent. Crude oil resources decreased by 35.3 per cent. Electrical energy resources, over the said period, increased by 9.5 per cent, while natural gas resources decreased by 1.4 per cent.


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Transport and communications

In 2020, transportation by all modes of transport (including oil pipelines) stood at 178.4 million tonnes of cargo, or 1.3 per cent more than in 2019, and 238.5 million passengers, or 37.5 per cent less than in 2019.


Production of animal products

In 2020, against 2019, collection of eggs in the national farms increased by 2.7 per cent, production of meat (by live weight) – 0.1 per cent, while milk yield decreased by 3.8 per cent.


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Dismissed and hired employees

In May 2021, the number of dismissed employees amounted to 44.6 thousand and, against  April 2021, increased by 4.1 thousand, the number of hired employees stood at 51.5 thousand, which was by 3.1 thousand more than in the previous month.

In May 2021, compared to May 2020, the number of hired employees increased by 18 thousand.


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Asylum seekers

In April 2021, against March 2021, the number of asylum seekers increased almost by 2.8 times – 103 applications received.


Deaths of permanent residents

3,630 deaths of permanent residents of Lithuania were registered in April. The majority of them died from circulatory system diseases (1,786 deaths, 49.2 per cent), malignancies (694 deaths, 16.4 per cent) and COVID–19 (443 deaths, 12.2 per cent).


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Services producer price changes

In I quarter 2021, against IV quarter 2020, the highest increase in prices (21.5 per cent) was recorded for transportation services via pipelines, sea and coastal water transport (13.3 per cent), employment activities (4.6 per cent), but prices for air transport services decreased by 13.3 per cent, accommodation services - 10 per cent, and legal services – 8.9 per cent.

Over the year, the highest rise in prices (27.7 per cent) was observed for transportation services via pipelines and sea and coastal water transport (13.9 per cent), as well as employment services (4.9 per cent).  The biggest drop in prices was recorded for air transport services  – 34.8 per cent, accommodation services – 20.9 per cent and postal activities under universal service obligation  – 5.4 per cent.


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Material resources

In 2020, 962.8 thousand tonnes of ferrous scrap and 34 thousand tonnes of non-ferrous scrap were purchased. The largest share (40.9 per cent) of ferrous scrap was imported, 29.9 per cent – purchased from residents.  The largest share (41.8 per cent) of non-ferrous scrap was purchased from residents, 39.4 per cent – purchased from enterprises.

In 2020, 971.8 thousand tonnes of ferrous scrap and 29.7 thousand tonnes of non-ferrous scrap were exported.


Social protection

In 2020, against 2019, the number of child custody (care) cases decreased by approximately one third. In 2020, in 60 per cent of cases, custody (care) of a child was established because the parents did not take care of them, 6 per cent – children became orphans.

3.6 thousand families cared for 4.6 thousand children deprived of parental care, which is by 5 per cent less than in 2019.

In 2020, there were 1.5 thousand cases where child custody has been terminated: of them, in about two-thirds of cases, the child custody was terminated because the child had reached the age of majority, in about one-third of the cases – the child was returned to the parents, in about 5 per cent of the cases – the child has been adopted.


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Earnings

In I quarter 2021, average gross mounthly earnings in the whole economy (individual enterprises included) totalled EUR 1505.9 and, against IV quarter 2020, decreased by 0.4 per cent.

In I quarter 2021 average net monthly earnings in the whole economy (individual enterprises included) amounted to EUR 960 and, compared to IV quarter 2020, decreased by 0.1 per cent.

In I quarter 2021, against IV quarter 2020, real earnings in the whole economy (individual enterprises included) decreased by 1 per cent.


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Average gross monthly earnings

In 2020, the highest average gross monthly earnings (EUR 1,608.2) were recorded in enterprises having 1000 and more employees, the lowest (EUR 1,002.9) – in enterprises having 1–9 employees.


Demographic indicators

Based on provisional data, at the beginning of June 2021, 2 784.3 thousand resident population were living in Lithuania, which is by 11.4 thousand less than at the beginning of the year.

In January–May 2021, compared to the same period of the previous year:

The number of live births decreased by 1 213 babies (11.7 per cent) and stood at 9 193;

The number of deaths increased by 3 265 (19.4 per cent) and stood 20 070;

The number of marriages increased by 80 couples and the number of divorces decreased by 232 couples;

The number of residents who emigrated from Lithuania increased by 6 299 persons (1.7 times) and stood at 15 008;

The number of persons who immigrated to Lithuania decreased by 1 592 persons (9.9 per cent) and stood at 14 484.

In January–May 2021, 55.2 per cent of immigrants were the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who came back to Lithuania.


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Performance results of business enterprises (non-financial)

In 2019, there were 271 thousand business enterprises (non-financial) in operation: 83.6 thousand companies, 10.7 thousand individual enterprises and 176.7 thousand natural persons carrying out activities under a certificate or business license. Compared to 2018, the number of enterprises grew by 11.8 thousand or 4.6 per cent. The largest increase in number was observed for natural persons carrying out activities under a certificate or business license – by 7.9 thousand or 4.7 per cent.

In 2019, the turnover of business (non-financial) enterprises totalled EUR 101.3 billion, which is by EUR 6.7 billion (7.1 per cent) more than in 2018. The value added (at factor cost) amounted to EUR 24 billion, which is by EUR 2.4 billion (11 per cent) more than in 2018.

In 2019, the net profit of enterprises totalled EUR 5.2 billion, which is by EUR 0.8 billion or 18.9 per cent more than in 2018. Net profit of enterprises grew by 0.5 percentage points (in 2018, 4.8 per cent; in 2019, 5.3 per cent).

There were 177 production enterprises using advanced technologies in Lithuania. They generated the value added (at factor cost) of EUR 276 million (in 2018, EUR 212 million), i.e. by EUR 64 million (30 per cent) more than in 2018. 

In 2019, in Lithuania, there were 7 free economic zones (FEZ) with 83 enterprises (legal entities) operating therein. Income of such enterprises amounted to 1.7 billion (1.7 per cent of total income of business (non-financial) enterprises), and their net profit totalled 0.6 billion (1.1 per cent of total net profit of enterprises).


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Mortality

In 2020, mortality rate from alcohol-related diseases stood at 38.6 per 100,000 population and, compared to 2019, increased (in 2019, 34.1 per 100,000 population). The male mortality rate from these diseases was 2.4 times higher than women mortality rate.

In 2020, mortality rate from smoking-related malignancies stood at 60.9 per 100,000 population and, compared to 2019, decreased slightly (in 2019, 61.3 per 100,000 population). The male mortality rate from these diseases was 4.6 times higher than women mortality rate.


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Average number of employees

In I quarter 2021, against IV quarter 2020, the average number of employees in the whole economy increased by 14.7 thousand (1.2 per cent): in the public sector decreased by 2.3 thousand (0.6 per cent), in the private sector increased by 17 thousand (1.9 per cent).


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Earnings

In I quarter 2021, average gross hourly earnings in the whole economy (individual enterprises excluded) totalled EUR 9,37 and, against IV quarter 2020, increased by 2.7 per cent: in the public sector amounted to EUR 9.97 and decreased by 1.6 per cent, in the private sector – EUR 9.11 and increased by 5.2 per cent.


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Minimum monthly wage

In June 2021 the minimum monthly wage is EUR 642, the minimum hourly pay – EUR 3.93.


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Environment

In 2019, in Lithuania, the greenhouse gas emissions amounted to 20,368 kt, which is by almost 1 per cent more than in 2018.

In 2019, the largest amount of the greenhouse gas emissions was recorded for energy sector – 58.4 per cent of total greenhouse gas emissions (of which 30.9 per cent – in transport sector), while in agriculture sector, it accounted for 20.8, industry sector – 16.7, waste sector – 4 per cent.

Tourism

In April 2021, the number of overnight stays in the accommodation establishments totalled 205.8 thousand, which is by 2.5 per cent more than a year ago. The number of overnight stays of foreigners stood at 43.6 thousand and increased 2.9 times.

Room and bed occupancy rates in hotels and motels stood at 19.6 and 14.3 per cent respectively, and compared to the last year, increased by 13.4 and 9.6 percentage points respectively.


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Population and its composition

At the beginning of 2021, the resident population of Lithuania totalled 2 million 795.7 thousand, i.e. by 1.6 thousand more than at the beginning of 2020.

At the beginning of 2021, 1 million 886.4 thousand (67.5 per cent) residents of Lithua­nia lived in ci­ties and towns, 909.3 thou­­sand (32.5 per cent) – in rural areas.

The number of women in Lithuania was by 168.5 thousand higher than that of men (1 million 482.1 thou­­­sand and 1 million 313.6 thousand res­pec­ti­vely). Wo­men accounted for 53 per cent of the total resident popu­lation; there were 1 128 women per 1 000 men.

At the beginning of 2021, the number of children (aged 0–14) amounted to 422.4 thousand, or 15.1 per cent of the total number of resident population, people aged 15–64 – 1 million 816.2 thousand, or 65 per cent, elderly resident popu­lation (aged 65 and older) – 557.1 thousand, or 19.9 per cent. The number of children was by 24.2 per cent lower than that of elderly people.

The press

Based on statistics, in 2020, compared to 2019, the number of books printed decreased by 6 per cent but the overall number of copies did not decrease. Publications in Lithuanian accounted for 94 per cent of the total number of books printed (in 2019, 92 per cent). The most popular publications among the readers, as every year, were works of fiction (46 per cent of the total book production) and publications intended for wide readership (popularization of science, self-education literature, memoirs, publicistic writing) (28 per cent).


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Investments in tangible fixed assets

In I quarter 2021, investments in tangible fixed assets in the country amounted to EUR 1.4 billion and, compared to the same quarter of 2020, increased by 6.4 per cent at constant prices.

Investment in construction and purchase of residential buildings amounted to EUR 281 million, which is by 3.1 per cent less than in I quarter of the previous year.

Purchase prices of agricultural products

In April 2021, against April 2020, purchase prices of agricultural products increased by 6.2 per cent. Purchase prices for crop products increased by 6.4 per cent, those for animal products – by 5.8 per cent.

Crop production

In 2020, utilised agricultural area amounted to 3 million 20.7 thousand ha. Arable land accounted for 75, meadows and pastures – 24, orchards and berry plantations – 1 per cent.

Energy

In March 2021, against March 2020, motor gasoline and road transport diesel resources increased by 11 and 0.2 per cent respectively, while liquefied petroleum gas resources decreased by 7.4 per cent. Resources of crude oil decreased by 20.3, electricity – 0.6 per cent, while natural gas resources increased by 29.8 per cent.


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Fertility

In 2020, 25.1 thousand live births were registered; compared to 2019, the number of live births decreased by 2.2 thousand, or 8.2 per cent.

In 2020, the major portion (44.3 per cent) of live births were first order births, second order births – 39.1 per cent, third and higher order births – 16.5 per cent (in 2019, 45.6 per cent, 38.9 per cent, and 15.4 per cent respectively).

In 2020, the number of live births outside marriage amounted to 6.8 thousand, or 27 per cent of all live births (in 2019, 7.4 thousand, or 26.9 per cent).


Transport and communications

In I quarter 2021, the number of passengers carried by all modes of transport totalled 35.5 million, which is by 56.7 per cent less than in the same period of 2020.

In April 2021, goods transport by rail amounted to 3.9 million tonnes, which is by 3 per cent less than in the same period of 2020.

In April 2021, the number of passenger cars registered in the country for the first time amounted to 15.1 thousand, which is almost two times more than in April 2020.


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Agriculture

In I quarter 2021, prices for goods and services consumed in agriculture decreased by 9.6 per cent, those for goods contributing to agricultural investment – by 21.8 per cent.


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Deaths by cause of death

3,981 deaths of permanent residents of Lithuania were registered in March. The majority of them died from circulatory system diseases (1,976 deaths – 49.6 per cent), malignancies (704 deaths – 17.7 per cent) and COVID–19 (459 deaths – 11.5 per cent).


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Animal production

Based on data as of 1 January 2021, the number of cattle grown in the country stood at 629.5 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 0.8 per cent), that of dairy cows – 232.9 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 3.3 per cent), sheep – 140.6 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 7.6 per cent), goats – 14.7 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 2.6 per cent), poultry – 8 million 363.6 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 3.3 per cent), and pigs – 580.4 thousand (a year-on-year increase of 5.4 per cent).

Agri-environmental indicators

In 2020, plant protection products provided on the Lithuanian market amounted to 2,587.3 tonnes, which is by 10 per cent more than in 2019.

General government finance

In 2020, municipal budget expenditure totalled EUR 4.0 billion.

In 2020, municipal budget revenue totalled EUR 3.9 billion.

Employment and unemployment

Based on the Labour Force Survey data, in I quarter 2021, the largest number of the employed was recorded in industry – 260.9 thousand (19.3 per cent of the total number of the employed) and in trade – 202.2 thousand (15 per cent).

The employment rate of the population aged 20–64 stood at 76.6 per cent, which is by 0.2 percentage points more than in IV quarter 2020 and by 1.7 percentage points less than in I quarter 2020.

In the same age group, the unemployment rate stood at 7.7 per cent, which is by 1.6 percentage points less than in IV quarter 2020 and by 0.4 percentage points more than in I quarter 2020.


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Demographic indicators

Based on provisional data, at the beginning of May 2021, 2 785.5 thousand resident population were living in Lithuania, which is by 9.7 thousand less than at the beginning of the year.

In January–April 2021, compared to the same period of the previous year:

  • The number of live births decreased by 335 babies (4.5 per cent) and stood at 7 113;
  • The number of deaths increased by 2 834 (21 per cent) and stood 16 339;
  • The number of marriages decreased by 499 couples and the number of divorces decreased by 338 couples;
  • The number of residents who emigrated from Lithuania increased by 3 834 persons (1.5 times) and stood at 11 498;
  • The number of persons who immigrated to Lithuania decreased by 2 450 persons (1.2 times) and stood at 11 050.

In January–April 2021, 53.8 per cent of immigrants were the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who came back to Lithuania.


Education and educational attainment of the population
 

At the beginning of the academic year 2020–2021, there were 41 higher education schools, 19 universities and 22 colleges in the country.

At the beginning of the academic year 2020–2021, the number of students in universities and colleges stood at 71.9 thousand and 32.5 thousand respectively. Compared to the academic year 2019–2020, the number of students in universities and colleges decreased by 1.1 thousand (1.5 per cent) and 0.5 thousand (1.5 per cent) respectively.

In 2020, professional bachelor’s degree was awarded to 7.5 thousand college graduates. At universities, the bachelor’s degree was awarded to 9.3 thousand, the master’s degree – 6.5 thousand, the doctoral degree – 306 students. 742 graduates completed professional studies and acquired professional qualification (409 completed residency studies, 333 – pedagogical studies).

In the academic year 2020–2021, at universities, the number of foreign students in full-study programmes totalled 6.9 thousand (9.5 per cent of the total number of university students), in colleges – 634.


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Indicators of accommodation establishments
 

In March 2021, the number of overnight stays in the accommodation establishments totalled 147.2 thousand, which is by 37.4 per cent less than a year ago. The number of overnight stays of foreigners stood at 34.9 thousand and decreased by 60.2 per cent.

In March 2021, room and bed occupancy rates in hotels and motels stood at 15.1 and 10.4 per cent respectively, and compared to March 2020, decreased by 7.9 and 6.8 percentage points respectively.


Gross agricultural production

Based on provisional data, in I quarter 2021, compared to the same quarter of 2020, gross agricultural production index decreased by 4.5 per cent. In I quarter 2021, gross agricultural production amounted to EUR 224.7 million at current prices.


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Social services

In 2020, compared to 2019, the number of recipients of social services at home (including recipients of assistance money) increased by 0.9 thousand (4.4 per cent) and totalled 21.3 thousand.

In 2020, 27 thousand persons of retirement age (in 2019, 25.5 thousand) and 20.7 thousand persons of working age and children with disabilities (in 2019, 18.8 thousand) visited day care centres and received various social services.

At the end of 2020, 1 thousand children lived in child care homes (at the end of 2019, 1.2 thousand), 0.8 thousand children – in community child care homes, 0.3 thousand foster children – in family-type care homes.

At the end of 2020, 6.3 thousand persons lived in care institutions for the elderly (at the end of 2019, 6.4 thousand), 6 thousand persons – in care institutions for adults with disability (in 2019, 6.3 thousand), 0.6 thousand persons – in continuing care retirement communities for elderly persons and adults with disability.


Legal professionals and protective service workers in law enforcement institutions
 

At the end of 2020, 701 judges worked in the courts of Lithuania (excluding the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania), of which 460 (65.6 per cent) were women.

At the end of 2020, there were 2,254 lawyers, 239 notaries and 114 bailiffs in the country, 644 public prosecutors worked in the prosecutor’s offices. 7.8 thousand police officers worked in the police, of which 3.2 thousand (40 per cent) were women.


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Mortality

In 2020, the number of deaths recorded in Lithuania stood at 43,547 (men – 21.3 thousand, women – 22.2 thousand). More than half (52.7 per cent) of deaths were caused by circulatory system diseases, 18.9 per cent – malignancies, 5.8 per cent – external causes of death, 5.2 per cent – COVID-19, 5 per cent – digestive diseases.


Social protection

In 2019, net expenditure on social protection totalled EUR 7.8 billion and, compared to 2018, grew by 10.8 per cent. In 2019, relative share of net expenditure on social protection made up 16.1 per cent of GDP (in 2018, 15.6 per cent).


Crop production

In 2020, harvest of fruit and berries amounted to 74.6 thousand tonnes, apples accounted for 80 per cent of total harvest.


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Energy

In February 2021, compared to February 2020, road transport diesel resources decreased by 9.4 per cent, resources of motor gasoline and liquefied petroleum gas – by 14.8 and 22.8 per cent respectively. Crude oil resources decreased by 36.9 per cent. Resources of electricity and natural gas increased by 2.8 and 17.7 per cent respectively.


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Production of animal products

In 1 April 2021, compared to 1 April 2020, in the farmers’ and family farms as well as agricultural companies and enterprises, milk yield increased by 1 per cent, while production of meat (live weight) decreased by 12 per cent, the number of eggs collected – by 9 per cent.


Social protection

In 2020, average state social insurance old-age pension amounted to EUR 376.49, and compared to 2019, increased by EUR 32 (9.3 per cent).

In 2020, the average number of the recipients of state social insurance old-age pension increased by 4.8 thousand (0.8 per cent) and totalled 600.8 thousand.


Economic entities

At the beginning of 2021, there were 128,601 local units in Lithuania: 48,737 – in the Capital Region, 79,864 – in the Central and Western Lithuania Region.

At the beginning of 2021, a quarter (26 per cent) of the total number of local units in Lithuania were engaged in wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, and almost a tenth – other service activities and professional, scientific and technical activities (9 per cent each).


Education

For 2020–2021 academic year, 13.1 thousand students were admitted to vocational schools (total number of students stood at 27.5 thousand).

In 2020, the largest proportion of vocational school students studied under the engineering (7.2 thousand),  services to persons (6.7 thousand), architecture and construction (4 thousand), business and administration (1.8 thousand; in 2019, 2.8 thousand) study programmes.


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Culture

In 2020, there were 106 museums operating in the country. Over the last year, the number of museum visitors totalled 2.8 million, or by 2,751 thousand (49.2 per cent) less than in 2019.

The number of cinema visitors in 2020 totalled 1.6 million. The number of cinema visits per capita averaged 0.6 times. Cinema revenue from ticket sales over a year decreased from EUR 21.6 million to EUR 8.6 million (by 60.1 per cent).

In 2020, there were 49 theatres operating in the country: 13 public and 36 non-public theatres. Compared to 2019, the number of visitors of public and non-public theatres dropped by 61.7 per cent. In 2020, 335 concerts were organised in the country and abroad by 7 public concert agencies. In 2020, in Lithuania, the number of visitors of concerts organised by public concert agencies totalled 179 thousand.

The number of photographic documents in the country’s archives is constantly increasing. In 2020, their number stood at 438.2 thousand units, while in 2019, 425.4 thousand.


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Transport and communications

In March 2021, the number of passengers who arrived at and departed from Lithuanian airports amounted to 56.7 thousand, which is by 72 per cent less than in the same period of last year.

In March 2021, the amount of goods handled in Klaipėda State Seaport and Būtingė Terminal totalled 4.4 million tonnes, and compared to the respective period of 2020, decreased by 17.8 per cent.

General government finance

Based on revised data, in IV quarter 2020, general government deficit amounted to EUR 1763.5 million.

Based on revised data, in 2020, general government deficit amounted to EUR 3598.3 million.

Based on revised data, in 2020, government deficit amounted to EUR 3598.3 million, debt at the end of 2020 – EUR 23060.5 million.


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Dismissed and hired employees

In March 2021, the number of dismissed employees amounted to 37.1 thousand and, against  February 2021, increased by 6.8 thousand, the number of hired employees stood at 43.3 thousand, which was by 11.4 thousand more than in the previous month.

In March 2021, compared to  March 2020, the number of hired employees increased by 15.4 per cent.


Deaths of permanent residents

3,722 deaths of permanent residents of Lithuania were registered in February. The majority of them died from circulatory system diseases (1,788 deaths, 48 per cent), malignancies (569 deaths, 15.3 per cent) and COVID–19 (568 deaths, 15.3 per cent).


Asylum seekers

In February 2021, compared to January 2021, the number of asylum seekers increased by 0,8 – 35 applications were received.


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Demographic indicators

Based on provisional data, at the beginning of April 2021, 2 787.7 thousand resident population were living in Lithuania, which is by 7.5 thousand less than at the beginning of the year.

In January–March 2021, compared to the same period of the previous year:

  • The number of live births decreased by 196 babies (3.6 per cent) and stood at 5 266;
  • The number of deaths increased by 2 521 (24.7 per cent) and stood 12 707;
  • The number of marriages decreased by 784 couples and the number of divorces decreased by 278 couples;
  • The number of residents who emigrated from Lithuania increased by 1 708 persons (25.7 per cent) and stood at 8 348;
  • The number of persons who immigrated to Lithuania decreased by 2 482 persons (1.3 times) and stood at 8 272.

In January–March 2021, 52.3 per cent of immigrants were the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who came back to Lithuania.


Structure of labour costs (annual estimate)

In 2020, the average monthly labour costs in enterprises of industry, construction and services totalled EUR 1,472 and, against 2019, increased by 6.5 per cent (EUR 90).


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General education

  • At the beginning of the school year 2020–2021, there were 327 thousand pupils studying at the educational establishments providing education under general education programmes.
  • In autumn of 2020, the first graders totalled 27.9 thousand, or by 1.9 thousand (6 per cent) less than in 2019. 
  • In 2020, basic school-leaving certificates were awarded to 25.5 thousand pupils (in 2019, 24.8 thousand), secondary education certificates (Maturity Certificate) – to 20.4 thousand school-leavers (in 2019, 21.5 thousand).
  • At the beginning of the school year 2020–2021, there were 28 thousand teachers and principals working in general education schools, which is by 0.6 thousand (2.2 per cent) less than in the school year 2019–2020.

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Divorces

In 2020, the number of registered  divorces totalled 7.5 thousand, which is by 1.1 thousand (13 per cent) less than in 2019. Last year there were 49.3 divorces per 100 marriages (in 2019– 44.5).

Education

At the end of 2020, there were 716 pre-school educational institutions in the country (in urban and rural areas – 635 and 82 respectively) with the pre-school educational groups established in 457 general education schools.

At the end of 2020, 122.6 thousand children were educated according to pre-school educational programmes.

In 2020, there were 155 non-state pre-school educational institutions in the country, which were attended by 9.1 thousand children (by 5.8 per cent more than in 2019).


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Minimum monthly wage

In April 2021 the minimum monthly wage is EUR 642, the minimum hourly pay – EUR 3.93.


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Mortality

In 2020, 43.6 thousand deaths were registered. Against 2019, the number of deaths increased by 5.3, or 13.8 per cent.

In 2020, deaths of persons aged 65 and older accounted for 77.2 per cent (66.5 per cent of all deaths among men and 87.5 per cent of all deaths among women, 22.5 per cent of all deaths were deaths of persons aged 15–64 (33.2 per cent of all deaths among men and 12.3 per cent of all deaths among women).

Energy

In January 2021, compared to January 2020, road transport diesel resources decreased by 0.9 per cent, resources of motor gasoline and liquefied petroleum gas – by 22.8 and 24.6 per cent respectively. Crude oil resources decreased by 25 per cent. Resources of electricity and natural gas increased by 5.9 and 24.5 per cent respectively.


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Purchase prices of agricultural products

In February 2021, against February 2020, purchase prices of agricultural products increased by 1.6 per cent. Purchase prices for crop products increased by 6 per cent, those for animal products – decreased by 4.6 per cent.

Illegal employment of minors

According to the data of the State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour, in 2020, there were 36 illegally employed persons under 18, i.e. the illegally employed minors accounted for 2.01 per cent of all illegally employed persons.


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Transport and communications

In January 2021, the number of passengers carried by rail stood at 160.8 thousand, which is by 61.7 per cent less than in the same period of 2020.

In February 2021, goods transport by rail amounted to 3.6 million tonnes, which is by 6.5 per cent less than in the same period of 2020.

In February 2021, the number of passenger cars registered in the country for the first time amounted to 8.8 thousand, which is by 38.9 per cent less than in the same period of 2020.


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Number of asylum seekers

In January 2021, compared to December 2020, the number of asylum seekers increased by 1 – 44 applications were received.


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Population

In January, 4,977 deaths of permanent residents of Lithuania were registered. The majority of them died from circulatory system diseases (2,165 deaths,  43.5 per cent), COVID–19 (1,270 deaths, 25.5 per cent) and malignancies (623 deaths, 12.8 per cent).


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Marriages

In 2020, the number of recorded marriages totalled 15.3 thousand.

Against 2019, the number of marriages decreased by 4.2 thousand (21,6 per cent).

Financial indicators of enterprises

In IV quarter 2020, the revenue of the country’s non-financial corporations from goods sold and services provided amounted to EUR 26.6 billion, which is by 5.4 per cent more than in the previous quarter and by 2.8 per cent more than in IV quarter 2019.

In IV quarter 2020, the pre-tax profit of non-financial corporations amounted to EUR 1.6 billion. Compared to the respective period of the previous year, the pre-tax profit decreased by 3.1 per cent, compared to the previous quarter of 2020 – by 18.1 per cent.

From 2021, information on financial indicators of enterprises will be no longer produced.

Agricultural

In 2020, compared to 2019, the largest increase (21 per cent) was recorded for the number of sheep slaughtered. In 2020, it stood at 10.139 thousand sheep with a carcass weight of 0.186 thousand tonnes.

In 2020, compared to 2019, the largest decrease (41 per cent) was recorded for the number of young cattle slaughtered. In 2020, it stood at 0.859 thousand with a carcass weight of 0.144 thousand tonnes.


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Earnings

In IV quarter 2020, average gross mounthly earnings in the whole economy (individual enterprises included) totalled EUR 1512.3 and, against III quarter 2020, increased by 4.7 per cent.

In IV quarter 2020 average net monthly earnings in the whole economy (individual enterprises included) amounted to EUR 960.5 and, compared to III quarter 2020, increased by 4.2 per cent.

In IV quarter 2020, against III quarter 2020, real earnings in the whole economy (individual enterprises included) grew by 4 per cent.


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Demographic indicators

Based on provisional data, at the beginning of March 2021, 2 790 thousand resident population were living in Lithuania, which is by 5.1 thousand less than at the beginning of the year.

In January–February 2021, compared to the same period of the previous year:

  • The number of live births decreased by 429 babies (11.5 per cent) and stood at 3 302;
  • The number of deaths increased by 2 106 (31.8 per cent) and stood 8 721;
  • The number of marriages decreased by 799 couples and the number of divorces decreased by 183 couples;
  • The number of residents who emigrated from Lithuania increased by 39 persons (0.8 per cent) and stood at 5 016;
  • The number of persons who immigrated to Lithuania decreased by 2 319 persons (1.4 times) and stood at 5 304.

In January–February 2021, 53 per cent of immigrants were the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who came back to Lithuania.


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Number of employees

In IV quarter 2020, against III quarter 2020, the average number of employees in the whole economy increased by 4.2 thousand (0.3 per cent): in the public sector – by 4 thousand (1.1 per cent), in the private sector –by 0.2 thousand (0.0 per cent).


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Earnings

In IV quarter 2020, average gross hourly earnings in the whole economy (individual enterprises excluded) totalled EUR 9,12 and, against III quarter 2020, increased by 8.3 per cent: in the public sector amounted to EUR 10.13 and increased by 12.8 per cent, in the private sector – EUR 8.66 and increased by 5.9 per cent.


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Crop production

In 2020, harvest of oil seed rape amounted to 966.6 thousand tonnes, which is by 40 per cent more than in 2019.

In 2020, against 2019, a decrease in harvest was recorded for field vegetables (3 per cent), sugar beet (5 per cent) and potatoes (11 per cent), the harvest thereof amounted to 205.4, 948.5 and 299.8 thousand tonnes respectively.


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Minimum monthly wage

In March 2021 the minimum monthly wage is EUR 642, the minimum hourly pay – EUR 3.93.


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Animal production

Based on data as of 1 January 2021, the number of cattle grown in the country stood at 629.5 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 0.8 per cent), that of dairy cows – 232.9 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 3.3 per cent), that of sheep – 140.6 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 7.6 per cent), and that of pigs – 555.2 thousand (a year-on-year increase of 0.8 per cent).

In 2022, compared to 2021, livestock slaughter (including exports and imports) is expected to decrease by 13.8 per cent.

In I–II quarters of 2022, compared to the same period of 2021, slaughtering of pigs is expected to remain unchanged.

Social protection

In 2020, against 2019, expenditure on child benefits increased by EUR 171.9 million (45.7 per cent) and amounted to EUR 548 million.

In 2020, against 2019, expenditure on social benefits decreased by EUR 4.7 million (7.5 per cent) and amounted to EUR 58.6 million. The number of the recipients of such benefits over a year decreased by 8.6 thousand.

In 2020, against 2019, expenditure on compensation for heating and water decreased by EUR 5.3 million (28.7 per cent) and amounted to EUR 13.1 million.

In 2020, against 2019, the number of schoolchildren receiving free meal and expenditure on free meal for schoolchildren grew about 1.5 times and amounted to 69.7 thousand and 19.7 million respectively.

Investment in tangible fixed assets

In IV quarter 2020, investments in tangible fixed assets in the country amounted to EUR 2.4 billion and, compared to the same quarter of 2019, increased by 8.4 per cent at constant prices.

In 2020, investment in tangible fixed assets in the country amounted to EUR 7 billion and, compared to 2019, decreased by 2.1 per cent.

Energy

In 2020, against 2019, liquefied petroleum gas resources decreased by 11.7 per cent, motor gasoline and road transport diesel resources – by 14.3 per cent each. Resources of crude oil decreased by 27.7 per cent, while electricity and natural gas resources increased by 5.8 and 8 per cent respectively.


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Social protection

In IV quarter 2020, average state social insurance old-age pension amounted to EUR 376.4, and compared to IV quarter 2019, increased by 9.3 per cent.

Purchase prices of agricultural products

In January 2021, against January 2020, purchase prices of agricultural products increased by 0.9 per cent. Purchase prices for crop products increased by 6.2 per cent, those for animal products decreased by 6.2 per cent.


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Job vacancies

In IV quarter 2020, the number of job vacancies in the Capital Region totalled 8.7 thousand, in the Central and Western Lithuania Region – 6.9 thousand. In IV quarter 2020, against the previous quarter, a decrease in the number of job vacancies was observed in both regions: in the Capital Region – by 1 thousand (10.1 per cent), in the Central and Western Lithuania Region – by 1.8 thousand (20.4 per cent).

In IV quarter 2020, against III quarter 2020, the job vacancy rate decreased in both regions: in the Capital Region, it decreased by 0.2 percentage points and stood at 1.6 per cent, in the Central and Western Lithuania Region – decreased by 0.3 per cent and stood at 0.9 per cent.


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Transport and communications

In January 2021, the number of passengers who arrived at and departed from Lithuanian airports amounted to 52.6 thousand, which is by 88.4 per cent less than in the same period of last year.

In January 2021, the amount of goods handled in Klaipėda State Seaport and Būtingė Terminal totalled 4.5 million tonnes, and compared to the respective period of 2020, increased by 15.2 per cent.


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Agricultural production

In IV quarter 2020, prices for goods and services consumed in agriculture decreased by 15.9 per cent, those for goods contributing to agricultural investment increased by 2.8 per cent.


Employment and unemployment

Based on the Labour Force Survey data, in 2020, compared to 2019, employment rate of population aged 20–64 decreased by 1.5 percentage points and made up 76.7 per cent, while unemployment rate increased by 2.3 percentage points and made up 8.7 per cent.

In 2020, compared to 2019, the largest increase in the number of employed persons was recorded in financial and insurance activities (5.6 thousand), decrease – in agriculture, forestry and fishing (11.4 thousand) as well as trade (11.3 thousand).


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Dismissed and hired employees

In January 2021, the number of dismissed employees amounted to 31.7 thousand and, against December 2020, decreased by 10.4 thousand, the number of hired employees stood at 35.2 thousand, which was by 5.9 thousand more than in the previous month.

In January 2021, compared to January 2020, the number of hired employees decreased by 35.3 per cent.


Migration

In December 2020, compared to November, the number of asylum seekers decreased almost 1.5 times – 43 applications were received.


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Monthly mortality

In December, 5,831 deaths of permanent residents of Lithuania were registered. The majority of them died from circulatory system diseases (2,605 deaths, 44.7 per cent), COVID–19 (1,471 deaths, 25.2 per cent) and malignancies (747 deaths, 12.8 per cent).


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Based on the Labour Force Survey data, in IV quarter 2020, the largest number of the employed was recorded in industry – 236.7 thousand (17.5 per cent of the total number of the employed) and in trade – 211.8 thousand (15.7 per cent).

The employment rate of the population aged 20–64 stood at 76.4 per cent, which is by 0.9 percentage points more than in III quarter 2020 and by 2 percentage points less than in III quarter 2019.

In the same age group, the unemployment rate stood at 9.3 per cent, which is by 0.2 percentage points less than in III quarter 2020 and by 2.9 percentage points more than in III quarter 2019.


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Demographic indicators

Based on provisional data, at the beginning of February 2021, 2 792.2 thousand resident population were living in Lithuania, which is by 3 thousand less than at the beginning of the year.

In January 2021, compared to the same period of the previous year:

  • The number of live births decreased by 245 babies (12.7 per cent) and stood at 1 678;

  • The number of deaths increased by 1 453 (41.2 per cent) and stood 4 981;

  • The number of marriages decreased by 125 couples and the number of divorces decreased by 28 couples;

  • The number of residents who emigrated from Lithuania decreased by 326 persons (11.4 per cent) and stood at 2 522;

  • The number of persons who immigrated to Lithuania increased by 1 008 persons (26.4 per cent) and stood at 2 805.

In January 2021, 58 per cent of immigrants were the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who came back to Lithuania.


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Agriculture

In 2020, harvest of grain amounted to 6 million 918.6 thousand tonnes, which is by 25.6 per cent more than in 2019.

The increase in the harvest was determined by an increase in yield (by 23.8 per cent) and crop area (by 0.8 per cent).


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Minimum monthly wage

In February 2021 the minimum monthly wage is EUR 642, the minimum hourly pay – EUR 3.93.


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