In 2020, harvest of oil seed rape amounted to 966.6 thousand tonnes, which is by 40 per cent more than in 2019.
In 2020, against 2019, a decrease in harvest was recorded for field vegetables (3 per cent), sugar beet (5 per cent) and potatoes (11 per cent), the harvest thereof amounted to 205.4, 948.5 and 299.8 thousand tonnes respectively.
Based on data as of 1 January 2021, the number of cattle grown in the country stood at 629.5 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 0.8 per cent), that of dairy cows – 232.9 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 3.3 per cent), that of sheep – 140.6 thousand (a year-on-year decrease of 7.6 per cent), and that of pigs – 555.2 thousand (a year-on-year increase of 0.8 per cent).
In 2022, compared to 2021, livestock slaughter (including exports and imports) is expected to decrease by 13.8 per cent.
In I–II quarters of 2022, compared to the same period of 2021, slaughtering of pigs is expected to remain unchanged.
In 2020, against 2019, expenditure on child benefits increased by EUR 171.9 million (45.7 per cent) and amounted to EUR 548 million.
In 2020, against 2019, expenditure on social benefits decreased by EUR 4.7 million (7.5 per cent) and amounted to EUR 58.6 million. The number of the recipients of such benefits over a year decreased by 8.6 thousand.
In 2020, against 2019, expenditure on compensation for heating and water decreased by EUR 5.3 million (28.7 per cent) and amounted to EUR 13.1 million.
In 2020, against 2019, the number of schoolchildren receiving free meal and expenditure on free meal for schoolchildren grew about 1.5 times and amounted to 69.7 thousand and 19.7 million respectively.
Investment in tangible fixed assets
In IV quarter 2020, investments in tangible fixed assets in the country amounted to EUR 2.4 billion and, compared to the same quarter of 2019, increased by 8.4 per cent at constant prices.
In 2020, investment in tangible fixed assets in the country amounted to EUR 7 billion and, compared to 2019, decreased by 2.1 per cent.
In 2020, against 2019, liquefied petroleum gas resources decreased by 11.7 per cent, motor gasoline and road transport diesel resources – by 14.3 per cent each. Resources of crude oil decreased by 27.7 per cent, while electricity and natural gas resources increased by 5.8 and 8 per cent respectively.
In IV quarter 2020, average state social insurance old-age pension amounted to EUR 376.4, and compared to IV quarter 2019, increased by 9.3 per cent.
Purchase prices of agricultural products
In January 2021, against January 2020, purchase prices of agricultural products increased by 0.9 per cent. Purchase prices for crop products increased by 6.2 per cent, those for animal products decreased by 6.2 per cent.
In IV quarter 2020, the number of job vacancies in the Capital Region totalled 8.7 thousand, in the Central and Western Lithuania Region – 6.9 thousand. In IV quarter 2020, against the previous quarter, a decrease in the number of job vacancies was observed in both regions: in the Capital Region – by 1 thousand (10.1 per cent), in the Central and Western Lithuania Region – by 1.8 thousand (20.4 per cent).
In IV quarter 2020, against III quarter 2020, the job vacancy rate decreased in both regions: in the Capital Region, it decreased by 0.2 percentage points and stood at 1.6 per cent, in the Central and Western Lithuania Region – decreased by 0.3 per cent and stood at 0.9 per cent.
Transport and communications
In January 2021, the number of passengers who arrived at and departed from Lithuanian airports amounted to 52.6 thousand, which is by 88.4 per cent less than in the same period of last year.
In January 2021, the amount of goods handled in Klaipėda State Seaport and Būtingė Terminal totalled 4.5 million tonnes, and compared to the respective period of 2020, increased by 15.2 per cent.
In IV quarter 2020, prices for goods and services consumed in agriculture decreased by 15.9 per cent, those for goods contributing to agricultural investment increased by 2.8 per cent.
Employment and unemployment
Based on the Labour Force Survey data, in 2020, compared to 2019, employment rate of population aged 20–64 decreased by 1.5 percentage points and made up 76.7 per cent, while unemployment rate increased by 2.3 percentage points and made up 8.7 per cent.
In 2020, compared to 2019, the largest increase in the number of employed persons was recorded in financial and insurance activities (5.6 thousand), decrease – in agriculture, forestry and fishing (11.4 thousand) as well as trade (11.3 thousand).
Dismissed and hired employees
In January 2021, the number of dismissed employees amounted to 31.7 thousand and, against December 2020, decreased by 10.4 thousand, the number of hired employees stood at 35.2 thousand, which was by 5.9 thousand more than in the previous month.
In January 2021, compared to January 2020, the number of hired employees decreased by 35.3 per cent.
In December 2020, compared to November, the number of asylum seekers decreased almost 1.5 times – 43 applications were received.
In December, 5,831 deaths of permanent residents of Lithuania were registered. The majority of them died from circulatory system diseases (2,605 deaths, 44.7 per cent), COVID–19 (1,471 deaths, 25.2 per cent) and malignancies (747 deaths, 12.8 per cent).
Based on the Labour Force Survey data, in IV quarter 2020, the largest number of the employed was recorded in industry – 236.7 thousand (17.5 per cent of the total number of the employed) and in trade – 211.8 thousand (15.7 per cent).
The employment rate of the population aged 20–64 stood at 76.4 per cent, which is by 0.9 percentage points more than in III quarter 2020 and by 2 percentage points less than in III quarter 2019.
In the same age group, the unemployment rate stood at 9.3 per cent, which is by 0.2 percentage points less than in III quarter 2020 and by 2.9 percentage points more than in III quarter 2019.
Based on provisional data, at the beginning of February 2021, 2 792.2 thousand resident population were living in Lithuania, which is by 3 thousand less than at the beginning of the year.
In January 2021, compared to the same period of the previous year:
The number of live births decreased by 245 babies (12.7 per cent) and stood at 1 678;
The number of deaths increased by 1 453 (41.2 per cent) and stood 4 981;
The number of marriages decreased by 125 couples and the number of divorces decreased by 28 couples;
The number of residents who emigrated from Lithuania decreased by 326 persons (11.4 per cent) and stood at 2 522;
The number of persons who immigrated to Lithuania increased by 1 008 persons (26.4 per cent) and stood at 2 805.
In January 2021, 58 per cent of immigrants were the citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who came back to Lithuania.
In 2020, harvest of grain amounted to 6 million 918.6 thousand tonnes, which is by 25.6 per cent more than in 2019.
The increase in the harvest was determined by an increase in yield (by 23.8 per cent) and crop area (by 0.8 per cent).