Labour Market in Lithuania (edition 2022)

Earnings, working time and labour costs

 

Photo from Pixabay.com

In 2021, average gross monthly earnings in the whole economy (individual enterprises included) amounted to EUR 1,579.4 (compared to 2020, increased by 10.6 per cent): in the public sector – EUR 1,692 (by 9.8 per cent), in the private sector – EUR 1,531.9 (by 11.1 per cent).


Average gross monthly earnings

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4EUR671.4671.4693.4693.4721.3721.3750.3750.3800.2800.2854.8854.8946.2946.21,370.01,370.01,541.31,541.31,692.01,692.0583.8583.8621.1621.1654.9654.9696.1696.1761.3761.3833.7833.7914.1914.11,264.51,264.51,379.11,379.11,531.91,531.9 Whole economy including individual enterprisesPublic sectorPrivate sector including individual enterprises201220132014201520162017201820192020202105001,0001,5002,000

From 1 January 2019, the rates of the state social insurance contributions paid by the employer and the employee were changed. Gross earnings were indexed 1.289 times.

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Average net monthly earnings

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4EUR519.4519.4535.5535.5558.8558.8580.0580.0620.9620.9670.0670.0735.1735.1864.4864.4977.0977.01,065.91,065.9455.4455.4482.7482.7511.0511.0541.0541.0593.3593.3655.5655.5713.1713.1803.8803.8885.0885.0974.8974.8 Whole economy including individual enterprisesPublic sectorPrivate sector including individual enterprises201220132014201520162017201820192020202102505007501,0001,250

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2021, an increase in average gross monthly earnings in the whole economy was observed in all economic activities: from 5.2 per cent (in mining and quarrying) to 15.7 per cent (human health care and social work activities).


Changes in average gross monthly earnings in the whole economy by economic activity, 2021
Compared to the previous year

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent15.715.713.013.012.612.611.911.911.811.811.611.611.511.511.011.09.99.99.49.48.98.98.98.98.28.27.77.77.77.77.47.47.17.16.36.35.25.2QMIPGLJSCRAFKENHDOB05101520

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Average net monthly earnings (after taxes) in the whole economy amounted to EUR 1,001.8 and, compared to 2020, increased by 9.7 per cent. In the public sector, net monthly earnings increased by 9.1 per cent and amounted to EUR 1,065.9, in the private sector – by 10.1 per cent and totalled EUR 974.8.

In 2021, against 2020, index of real earnings in the whole economy totalled 104.8 per cent: in the public sector – 104.2 per cent, in the private sector – 105.2 per cent.


Changes in average monthly earnings in the whole economy
Compared to the previous year

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per centGrossNetReal2012201320142015201620172018201920202021051015

Change in earnings was calculated by eliminating the effect of the change of indexation in the existing gross earnings from 2019.

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Changes in average gross monthly earnings by sector
Compared to the previous year

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent Whole economy including individual enterprisesPublic sectorPrivate sector including individual enterprises2012201320142015201620172018201920202021358101315

Change in earnings was calculated by eliminating the effect of the change of indexation in the existing gross earnings from 2019.

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Changes in earnings in 2021 were influenced by the following changes: increased basic wages for politicians, judges, civil servants, public service employees and employees of budgetary institutions, increased minimum monthly wage, change in the procedure for the calculation of the tax-exempt amount of income and other reasons.

Average gross monthly earnings remained the highest in enterprises engaged in information and communication and financial and insurance activities (1.8 and 1.7 times respectively higher than the national average). 75.5 per cent of the employees of enterprises engaged in different economic activities (manufacturing; education; wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; water supply; sewerage; waste management and remediation; transportation and storage; construction activities, etc.) received less than the national average gross monthly earnings.

In 2021, the lowest – EUR 1,002.1 – earnings were received by the employees of enterprises engaged in accommodation and food service activities (2.9 times lower compared to information and communication enterprises, where the earnings were the highest, and by 36.6 per cent lower than the national average), arts, entertainment and recreation – EUR 1,239.5 (respectively, 1.3 times and by 21.5 per cent lower), and other service activities  – EUR 1, 253 (respectively, 1.3 times and by 20.7 per cent lower).


Average gross monthly earnings in the whole economy by sex and economic activity, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4EUREUR1,579.41,579.42,859.52,859.52,651.82,651.81,994.01,994.01,895.71,895.71,893.81,893.81,858.71,858.71,664.51,664.51,554.41,554.41,490.51,490.51,441.41,441.41,439.61,439.61,377.11,377.11,369.01,369.01,352.21,352.21,294.11,294.11,270.11,270.11,253.01,253.01,239.51,239.51,002.11,002.11,660.91,660.93,217.03,217.03,354.43,354.42,249.62,249.62,504.72,504.71,927.41,927.41,886.51,886.51,671.71,671.71,719.71,719.71,576.21,576.21,630.01,630.01,463.01,463.01,357.21,357.21,363.41,363.41,387.31,387.31,333.51,333.51,310.31,310.31,377.01,377.01,324.61,324.61,123.91,123.91,495.71,495.72,308.02,308.02,258.52,258.51,816.31,816.31,791.51,791.51,796.41,796.41,833.01,833.01,624.91,624.91,327.01,327.01,469.21,469.21,279.91,279.91,377.81,377.81,462.41,462.41,415.01,415.01,305.31,305.31,206.41,206.41,218.71,218.71,187.21,187.21,193.31,193.3958.6958.6 TotalMenWomen A–SJKMQDOBCPGEHFLANSRI01002003004005006007008009001,0001,1001,2001,3001,4001,5001,6001,7001,8001,9002,0002,1002,2002,3002,4002,5002,6002,7002,8002,9003,0003,1003,2003,3003,4003,5003,600

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Changes in average gross monthly earnings in the whole economy by sex and economic activity, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per centPer cent9.69.68.68.65.85.89.79.76.76.77.67.68.98.911.211.27.17.114.314.312.212.28.58.510.310.314.414.46.16.15.45.412.212.217.417.49.09.09.29.211.511.59.59.51.91.910.110.18.78.77.87.88.98.912.112.18.58.511.911.911.211.28.18.113.413.411.811.89.79.77.17.111.911.915.415.49.69.612.112.1MenWomen A–SABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRS00.511.522.533.544.555.566.577.588.599.51010.51111.51212.51313.51414.51515.51616.51717.51818.5

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2021, the biggest average gross monthly earnings were in the Capital Region (EUR 1,762.8), and against 2020, increased by 10.8 per cent. Gross monthly earnings in the Central and Western Lithuania region increased by 10.3 per cent and totalled EUR 1,439. Over the year, gross monthly earnings gap between these two regions totalled EUR 323.8.

In 2021, against the previous year, the average gross monthly earnings in the whole economy increased in all counties – from 8.3 per cent in Tauragė county to 12.2 per cent in Kaunas county.


Average monthly earnings by county, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4EUR1,762.81,762.81,592.01,592.01,473.31,473.31,370.81,370.81,335.61,335.61,317.61,317.61,285.61,285.61,280.21,280.21,272.11,272.11,236.91,236.91,106.11,106.11,008.91,008.9941.4941.4883.1883.1863.1863.1852.8852.8834.6834.6831.5831.5826.9826.9806.9806.9GrossNetVilnius countyKaunas countyKlaipėda countyTelšiai countyPanevėžys countyŠiauliai countyUtena countyAlytus countyMarijampolė countyTauragė county05001,0001,5002,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2021, against 2020, average gross monthly earnings increased in all municipalities – from 4.1 per cent in Kelmė municipality to 16.6 per cent in Neringa municipality.

In 2021, the largest average gross monthly earnings were in Vilnius city (EUR 1,819.9), and the smallest – in Zarasai district municipality (EUR 1,083.3). Over the year, gross earnings gap between Vilnius city and Zarasai district municipality totalled EUR 736.6.

In 14 municipalities, the average gross monthly earnings did not reach EUR 1,200. In Vilnius city, Kaunas city and Klaipėda city municipalities, the average gross monthly earnings exceeded the average gross monthly earnings in the whole economy (by EUR 241, EUR 77 and EUR 13 respectively).

In 2021, difference in earnings in the whole economy was observed in all economic activities. The highest earnings were recorded for wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles in Kaunas county (EUR 1,592.8), the lowest – in Tauragė county (EUR 924.3). Peak in the earnings was most noticeable in enterprises engaged in transportation and storage activities in Klaipėda county (EUR 1,504.3), while the lowest – in Marijampolė county (EUR 1,066.7). Employees in construction enterprises received the highest earnings in Vilnius county (EUR 1,501.5 EUR), the lowest – in Utena county (EUR 1,038.6). Peak in the earnings was recorded in education institutions in Vilnius county (EUR 1,631.4), while the lowest – in Utena county (EUR 1,232.7).

The highest earnings gap among the counties was most noticeable in enterprises engaged in financial and insurance activities (EUR 1,645.7) between Vilnius and Tauragė counties.

In 2021, employees of enterprises engaged in information and communication activity in Vilnius county and Kaunas county earned the highest net earnings (after taxes): on average, EUR 1,781 and EUR 1,749 respectively. Professionals of enterprises engaged in financial and incurance activities in Vilnius county ranked third: on average, EUR 1,677.4 (after taxes) in 2021.

Employees in enterprises engaged in accommodation and food service activities in Tauragė county were paid the lowest net earnings: on average, EUR 532.4.


Over the year, gross monthly earnings of employees of budgetary institutions increased by 10.5 per cent and was by EUR 116.7 higher than the national average, yet by 0.2 per cent lower than in the public sector. Gross monthly earnings of employees of budgetary institutions increased in all counties, with the highest growth recorded in Klaipėda and Kaunas counties (12.6 per cent), and the lowest – in Alytus county (7.6 per cent). In all counties, the average gross monthly earnings of employees of budgetary institutions were higher than the county average – from 5 per cent (in Vilnius county) to 18.4 per cent (in Tauragė county).


Average gross monthly earnings of employees of budgetary institutions by county, 2021

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Photo from Unsplash.com

Labour statistics indicators are presented by six enterprise size groups which are classified according to the number of employees (individual enterprises included). In 2021, against 2020, average gross monthly earnings in enterprises of different size were different: the highest growth was recorded in enterprises having 1–9 employees – 14.9 per cent, in enterprises having 10–49 employees and in enterprises having 50–249 employees, average gross monthly earnings over the year increased by 10.9 per cent. Over the year, the average gross monthly earnings in enterprises having 500–999 employees and 250–499 employees increased by 10.7 and 8.4 per cent respectively, while the lowest growth was recorded in enterprises having 1 thousand and more employees – 7.8 per cent.

In 2021, average gross monthly earnings in enterprises having 500–999 employees amounted to EUR 1,771.9 and by 63.8 per cent exceeded the earnings in the smallest enterprises (having 1–9 employees). Average gross monthly earnings of employees in the smallest enterprises totalled EUR 1,152.3 and was by 27 per cent lower than the national average; average earnings of employees of the enterprises placed in the second group by the enterprise size remained behind the national level by 5.8 per cent. Average earnings of employees in the remaining four groups exceeded the national level.


Average gross monthly earnings by sector and enterprise size class in the whole economy, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4EUR1,579.41,579.41,152.31,152.31,487.91,487.91,637.71,637.71,106.31,106.31,111.31,111.31,089.41,089.41,692.01,692.01,584.31,584.31,376.61,376.61,522.41,522.41,154.61,154.61,224.71,224.71,202.91,202.91,531.91,531.91,147.71,147.71,509.51,509.51,711.01,711.01,080.81,080.81,064.11,064.1970.9970.9 Whole economy including individual enterprisesPublic sectorPrivate sector including individual enterprises Total1–9 employees10–49 employees50–249 employees250–499 employees500–999 employees1 000 and more employees05001,0001,5002,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Average gross monthly earnings in the public and private sector, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4EUREUR1 692.01 692.01 473.21 473.21 655.51 655.51 655.51 655.51 908.11 908.11 480.21 480.21 784.81 784.81 341.71 341.71 629.61 629.62 397.02 397.02 823.02 823.01 321.91 321.91 967.01 967.01 363.61 363.61 490.71 490.71 898.01 898.01 265.21 265.21 463.61 463.61 531.91 531.91 265.71 265.71 555.61 555.61 554.21 554.21 841.71 841.71 361.81 361.81 360.31 360.31 441.41 441.41 331.51 331.51 002.11 002.12 882.72 882.72 644.42 644.41 355.21 355.22 000.42 000.41 257.31 257.31 487.71 487.71 887.81 887.81 171.21 171.21 243.21 243.2Public sectorPrivate sector including individual enterprises A–SAB–CCDEFGHIJKLMNPQRS01002003004005006007008009001 0001 1001 2001 3001 4001 5001 6001 7001 8001 9002 0002 1002 2002 3002 4002 5002 6002 7002 8002 9003 000

____________________
Accommodation and food service activities in public sector – confidential data.

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Changes in average gross hourly earnings¹ by economic activity, 2021
Compared to the previous year

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent13.613.613.613.613.513.512.612.612.612.612.012.011.311.310.710.710.410.410.410.410.310.39.89.89.59.59.49.48.78.78.48.48.38.3887.67.66.96.95.75.7MQIGLJS A–S B–CCPRFAKENHDOB02.557.51012.515

____________________
¹ Excluding individual enterprises.

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Number of hours paid and worked per employee by economic activity, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4h167.40167.80167.60167.60167.60167.60167.50167.50167.50167.50167.50167.50167.50167.50167.40167.40167.40167.40167.40166.70166.70148.40145.50152.80148.40124.50153.40152.50151.30151.30153.10146.30153.40152.20140.10151.40151.60148.80148.70140.30155.50148.10Number of hours paid per employeeNumber of hours worked per employee A–SPBFINAB–CCEGJKRDHMOSLQ05101520253035404550556065707580859095100105110115120125130135140145150155160165170175180

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In October 2021, employees working full-time and receiving a minimum monthly wage in the whole economy (individual enterprises included) accounted for 2.5 per cent (25.9 thousand) of the total number of full-time employees: in the public sector – 1.6 per cent (4.8 thousand), private sector – 2.9 per cent (21.2 thousand). Against the same period in 2020, the proportion of such employees remained almost unchanged. This was influenced by the increased (from 1 January 2021) minimum monthly wage (MMW), the impact of coronavirus infection (COVID‑19) on economy, and other reasons.

The largest number of employees working full-time and receiving minimum monthly wage was recorded in enterprises engaged in real estate activities: in October 2021, the share of such employees accounted for 10.4 per cent of total number of full-time employees engaged in these activities, which is by 0.7 percentage points more than in real estate activities a year ago.

In October 2021, the first quarter of employees working full-time in the whole economy earned up to EUR 968, the second quarter – from EUR 968 to EUR 1,311, the third quarter – from EUR 1,311 to EUR 1,878, the last quarter – EUR 1,878 and more.


Number of full-time employees¹ in the whole economy by sector and gross earnings size class, October 2021
Full-time employees – 100 per cent

Created with Highcharts 6.1.425,94725,947128,590128,590127,411127,411231,026231,026157,019157,019144,488144,488147,035147,03574,55374,5534,7744,77418,41918,41932,10832,10851,81451,81459,36159,36160,36960,36953,80953,80919,88019,88021,17321,173110,171110,17195,30395,303179,212179,21297,65897,65884,11984,11993,22693,22654,67354,673 Whole economy including individual enterprisesPublic sectorPrivate sector including individual enterprisesMMW and underMore than MMW but under or equalEUR 800EUR 801–1,000EUR 1,001–1,300EUR 1,301–1,600EUR 1,601–2,000EUR 2,001–3,000EUR 3,001 and more050,000100,000150,000200,000250,000

____________________
¹ Compared to the total number of employees in the respective sector.

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In October 2021, the largest share of employees working full-time and receiving minimum monthly wage was recorded in small (having 1–9 employees) enterprises – 11.6 per cent of the total number of full-time employees in the small enterprises, or by 0.3 percentage points more than a year ago.


Minimum monthly wage and average gross monthly earnings

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4EUR231.7231.7237.7237.7289.6289.6292.2292.2312.5312.5365.0365.0380.0380.0400.0400.0555.0555.0607.0607.0642.0642.0592.5592.5615.1615.1646.3646.3677.4677.4714.1714.1774.0774.0840.4840.4924.1924.11,296.41,296.41,428.61,428.61,579.41,579.4Minimum monthly wageAverage gross monthly earnings2011201220132014201520162017201820192020202105001,0001,5002,000

In 2019, minimum monthly wage and average gross monthly earnings were indexed 1.289 times due to the changed rates of state social insurance contributions paid by the employer and employee.

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In Lithuania, as of 1 January 2022, minimum monthly wage totalled EUR 730 (as of 1 January 2021, EUR 642) and, against the same period last year, increased by EUR 88. In Estonia, minimum monthly increased by EUR 70 and, as of 1 January 2022, amounted to EUR 654, while in Latvia – remained unchanged and totalled EUR 500.

In Luxembourg as well as Ireland and the Netherlands, as of 1 January 2022, minimum monthly wage exceeded minimum monthly wage in Lithuania 3.1 and 2.4 times respectively. The highest minimum monthly wage was in Luxembourg (EUR 2,257), Ireland (EUR 1,775), the Netherlands (EUR 1,725), Belgium (EUR 1,658), Germany (EUR 1,638), France (EUR 1,603), while the lowest – in Bulgaria (EUR 332).


Minimum monthly wage in the EU countries, 1 January 2022

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4EUR2,2572,2571,7751,7751,7251,7251,6581,6581,6381,6381,6031,6031,1261,1261,0741,074823823792792774774730730655655654654652652646646624624542542515515500500332332LuxembourgIrelandNetherlandsBelgiumGermanyFranceSpainSloveniaPortugalMaltaGreece LithuaniaPolandEstoniaCzechiaSlovakiaCroatiaHungaryRomaniaLatviaBulgaria05001,0001,5002,0002,500

Source: Eurostat's database

 

Photo from Pixabay.com

In 2021, the gender pay gap in the whole economy¹, except for agriculture, forestry and fishing enterprises, stood at 11.1 per cent and, and against 2020, decreased by 1 percentage point.
____________________
¹ In enterprises with 10 and more employees.

In 2021, the highest gender pay gap was recorded in enterprises engaged in financial and insurance activities – 34.3 per cent, information and communication – 29.3 per cent, human health and social work activities – 27.5 per cent. In enterprises engaged in transportation and storage, as well as construction activities, the women’s average gross hourly earnings exceeded the men’s average gross hourly earnings and therefore the gap was negative and accounted for minus 5.8 and minus 1.7 per cent respectively.

The gender pay gap was influenced by social and economic rather than legal factors – number of men and women in particular economic activity, their occupation, education, age, length of service and other reasons.


Gender pay gap in the whole economy by economic activity, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent11.111.112.012.034.334.329.329.327.527.524.024.022.622.617.717.715.015.010.610.610.110.19.79.79.39.38.48.47.47.44.24.23.23.22.82.8-1.7-1.7-5.8-5.8 B–S B–S(–O)KJQCGMIERSLNDBOPFH-10010203040

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2021, the highest gender pay gap in the whole economy, except for agriculture, forestry and fishing enterprises, as well as public administration and defence; compulsory social security, was recorded in the employees’ age group of 35-44 (16.8 per cent), while the lowest – in the employees’ age group over 65 years (6.1 per cent).

In 2021, the gender pay gap in the whole economy, except for agriculture, forestry and fishing enterprises, as well as public administration and defence; compulsory social security, stood at 12 per cent (in the public sector – 9.7, in the private sector – 14.3 per cent) and, against 2020, decreased by 1 per centage point: in the public sector – by 1.3, in the private sector – by 1.4 percentage points.


Gender pay gap by employees’ age, 2020–2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent13.013.013.613.614.014.017.517.511.011.08.98.97.67.612.012.012.812.813.013.016.816.89.59.57.97.96.16.120202021 TotalLess than 25 years25–34 years35–44 years45–54 years55–64 years65 years and more05101520

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2020, the gender pay gap in the EU stood at 13* per cent and, against 2019, decreased by 0.7 percentage points.

In 2020, the lowest gender pay gap was recorded in Luxembourg (0.7* per cent), Romania (2.4e per cent) and Slovenia (3.1* per cent), while the highest – in Latvia (22.3* per cent) and Estonia (21.1* per cent).


Gender pay gap in the EU countries², 2020

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent0.70.72.42.43.13.14.24.24.54.55.35.39.09.09.49.410.010.010.410.411.211.211.211.211.311.311.411.412.712.713.013.013.913.914.214.215.815.815.815.816.416.416.716.717.217.218.318.318.918.921.121.122.322.3Luxembourg*RomaniaᵉSlovenia*Italy*PolandBelgium*Cyprus*Spain*Malta*Greece³Croatia*SwedenIreland³Portugal*Bulgaria* Lithuania*DenmarkNetherlands*France*SlovakiaCzechia⁴FinlandHungaryGermany*Austria*Estonia*Latvia*0510152025

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² In enterprises with 10 and more employees, except for agriculture, forestry and fishing enterprises, as well as public administration and defence; compulsory social security.

³ Ireland and Greece – 2018.

⁴ Czechia – enterprises with 1 and more employees, except for agriculture, forestry and fishing enterprises, as well as public administration and defence; compulsory social security.

* Provisional data.

ᵉ Eurostat's estimate.

Source: Eurostat's database

 

Composition of gross remuneration by sector, 2021
EUR, thousand

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Photo from Pixabay.com

 

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2021, labour costs per hour worked in industrial, construction and service enterprises totalled EUR 10.99 and, against 2020, increased by 12 per cent. The increase in labour costs per hour worked was recorded in all enterprises. The largest growth was observed in enterprises engaged in accommodation and food service activities (17.9 per cent) and professional, scientific and technical activities (17.4 per cent).

The lowest growth was recorded in enterprises engaged in transportation and storage activities (3.4 per cent).

In Lithuania, gross earnings and remuneration in kind per hour worked in industrial, construction and service enterprises (except public administration and defence; compulsory social security) having 10 and more employees were 2 times lower than in EU member states and amounted to EUR 10.85 in 2021. Earnings in Denmark  exceeded those in Lithuania 4 times, while in Luxembourg, Iceland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Ireland, Germany, Finland, Sweden, Austria – approximately 3 times.


Labour costs per hour actually worked and their structure in the whole economy by economic activity, 2020–2021

NACE Rev. 2

Kind of economic activity

 

Labour costs (hourly), EUR

Structure of labour costs, per cent

Gross wages and salaries in cash and in kind

Other labour costs

Total

10 and more employees

Total

10 and more employees

Total

10 and more employees

B–S

Industry, construction and services

2021

10.99

11.45

96.30

96.30

3.70

3.70

2020

9.81

10.22

97.40

97.40

2.60

2.60

B

Mining and quarrying

2021

11.72

12.05

95.20

95.20

4.80

4.80

2020

10.90

11.21

95.40

95.40

4.60

4.60

C

Manufacturing

2021

10.71

11.01

96.50

96.50

3.50

3.50

2020

9.50

9.77

99.30

99.30

0.70

0.70

D

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply

2021

12.96

13.35

95.70

95.70

4.30

4.30

2020

11.99

12.34

95.90

95.90

4.10

4.10

E

Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities

2021

9.87

9.98

95.70

95.70

4.30

4.30

2020

9.08

9.18

96.80

96.80

3.20

3.20

F

Construction

2021

9.71

10.32

95.90

96.00

4.10

4.00

2020

8.55

9.10

97.50

97.50

2.50

2.50

G

Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycle

2021

10.36

10.98

96.50

96.50

3.50

3.50

2020

8.84

9.37

100.00

100.00

0.00

0.00

H

Transportation and storage

2021

10.01

10.46

92.50

92.50

7.50

7.50

2020

9.68

10.12

89.10

89.10

10.90

10.90

I

Accommodation and food service activities

2021

6.80

7.13

100.60

100.60

-0.60

-0.60

2020

5.77

6.05

112.10

112.10

-12.10

-12.10

J

Information and communication

2021

19.48

21.54

96.00

96.00

4.00

4.00

2020

17.29

19.12

96.20

96.20

3.80

3.80

K

Financial and insurance activities

2021

18.93

19.61

94.20

94.20

5.80

5.80

2020

17.49

18.12

93.70

93.70

6.30

6.30

L

Real estate activities

2021

8.86

10.36

96.50

96.50

3.50

3.50

2020

7.86

9.19

98.60

98.60

1.40

1.40

N

Administrative and support service activities

2021

9.07

9.20

96.80

96.80

3.20

3.20

2020

8.20

8.31

99.90

99.90

0.10

0.10

O

Public administration and defence; compulsory social security

2021

12.92

12.91

95.80

95.80

4.20

4.20

2020

12.02

12.00

95.80

95.80

4.20

4.20

P

Education

2021

10.35

10.43

96.50

96.40

3.50

3.60

2020

9.29

9.36

96.60

96.60

3.40

3.40

Q

Human health and social work activities

2021

13.34

13.42

97.00

97.00

3.00

3.00

2020

11.63

11.70

98.00

98.00

2.00

2.00

R

Arts, entertainment and recreation

2021

8.69

8.93

97.00

97.00

3.00

3.00

2020

7.76

7.97

99.50

99.50

0.50

0.50

S

Other service activities

2021

8.54

10.00

98.40

98.30

1.60

1.70

2020

7.37

8.63

102.20

102.20

-2.20

-2.20

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Photo from Pixabay.com

In 2021, low wage trap indicator of the one-earner married couple with two children stood at 78 per cent, a single person without children – 42.2 per cent. This indicator shows the share of individual income tax and social security contributions payable by an employee in gross earnings when the gross earnings of the employee increase from 33 to 67 per cent of average gross earnings in the business sector of the economy and the employee loses social benefits. In case of high low wage trap indicator, employed persons lose quite a considerable share of earned income after taxes and social benefits, which potentially results in the decrease of motivation to work more working hours or search for a better paid job.


Low wage trap

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent26.526.526.726.726.826.827.127.127.327.327.427.425.825.841.641.642.242.242.242.285.085.085.285.282.982.977.077.060.260.242.742.772.572.579.079.077.977.978.078.0Single person without childrenOne-earner married couple, with two children20122013201420152016201720182019202020210255075100

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Low wage trap in the EU countries, 2020
Single person without children, 100% of AW

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent11.011.019.119.121.121.121.721.722.422.426.226.226.426.428.528.528.828.829.529.531.631.631.831.832.232.233.533.534.234.235.535.538.438.439.339.339.439.441.041.042.242.242.342.342.342.344.144.146.746.747.447.449.049.062.262.2CyprusGreeceEstoniaCzechiaBulgariaCroatiaSpainSwedenMaltaPolandSlovakiaIrelandLatviaHungaryPortugalFinland EU 27SloveniaNetherlandsItaly LithuaniaGermanyAustriaRomaniaLuxembourgDenmarkFranceBelgium020406080

Source: Eurostat's database

 

In 2021, in Lithuania, unemployment trap indicator, excluding housing benefits, stood at 86.4 per cent and, against 2020, increased by 0.3 percentage points. This indicator shows the share of individual income tax and social security contributions payable by an employee in gross earnings when returns to employment, after being unemployed for a long time, and loses the social benefits. When the unemployment trap is high, it shows a low motivation of employee to join the labour market, in case of losing socials benefits and loosing part of gross earnings due to paid taxes. 

In 2021, the unemployment trap of the EU countries, including include housing benefits, stood at 74.2 per cent, the lowest was recorded in Malta, Greece and Romania (51.8, 54.5 and 54.9 per cent respectively).


Unemployment trap
Housing benefits excluded

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent66.666.664.464.461.561.581.681.679.579.588.388.386.886.887.487.486.186.186.486.42012201320142015201620172018201920202021020406080100

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Unemployment trap in the EU countries, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent51.851.854.554.554.954.959.659.664.264.264.964.969.369.370.070.070.870.872.772.772.872.873.073.073.573.574.274.277.777.778.178.178.878.879.579.579.979.980.780.781.881.882.482.483.183.183.383.386.686.691.291.291.791.7105.8105.8MaltaGreeceRomaniaPolandCyprusIrelandEstoniaAustriaSlovakiaFranceGermanyFinlandHungary EU 27NetherlandsSloveniaSwedenCzechiaItalyPortugalSpainBulgariaCroatiaLatviaDenmarkBelgiumLuxembourg Lithuania0255075100125

Source: Eurostat's database

 

Photo from Unsplash.com

In 2021, the highest tax wedge on labour costs was recorded in Belgium (46.2 per cent), Germany (44.2 per cent), Austria (43.3 per cent), and the lowest – in Cyprus (18.1 per cent), Ireland (25 per cent), Malta (25.2 per cent). In Lithuania, tax wedge on labour costs over the year decreased by 0.8 percentage points and stood at 34.3 per cent in 2021.


Tax wedge on labour costs

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent39.139.139.439.438.938.939.239.238.938.937.837.837.237.234.834.833.533.534.334.3201220132014201520162017201820192020202101020304050

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Tax wedge on labour costs in the EU countries, 2021

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent46.246.244.244.243.343.343.243.241.241.241.141.140.440.439.839.839.239.239.039.038.238.237.937.937.637.637.637.636.236.235.735.734.934.934.334.334.234.234.034.033.933.932.732.732.332.331.931.927.627.625.225.225.025.018.118.1BelgiumGermanyAustriaHungaryItalyFranceSloveniaSweden EU 27SlovakiaRomaniaLatviaCzechiaPortugalFinlandSpainBulgaria LithuaniaPolandCroatiaEstoniaDenmarkLuxembourgGreeceNetherlandsMaltaIrelandCyprus01020304050

Source: Eurostat's database


More:

Average monthly earnings by sector and economic activity

Indices of average monthly earnings by sector and economic activity

Average gross monthly earnings in the whole economy by enterprise size class and economic activity

Number of full-time employees by gross earnings size class and economic activity, October


Kind of economic activity

A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 
B Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
E Water supply; sewerage; waste management and remediation activities
F Construction
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food service activities
J Information and communication
K Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate activities
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
N Administrative and support service activities
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
P Education
Q Human health and social work activities
R Arts, entertainment and recreation
S