Education and Culture in Lithuania
(edition 2022)

General education

 

Photo by Stanley Morales

General education is carried out in accordance with the programmes of primary, general lower secondary and general upper secondary education. In pursuance of the Law on Education of the Republic of Lithuania, education in the first grade starts at the age of 7 or earlier if a child reaches this age in the calendar year. Four-year primary education is provided by general education schools and other types of schools or education providers. Primary education is attained upon the completion of a primary education programme. Primary education is followed by the basic one. A six-year basic educational programme can be carried out by gymnasiums, basic and other schools. Upon the completion of a basic education programme, basic education is attained. Basic education of a school student is followed by secondary education. A two-year secondary education programme can be carried out by gymnasiums, secondary schools and other schools. Upon the completion of a secondary education programme, the general certificate of secondary education is awarded, enabling to pursue higher education. he purpose of education of learners with special educational needs shall be to help a learner learn and to be trained according to his abilities, attain an education level and acquire a qualification. Students with considerable and major special educational needs may study in general education schools (classes) designated for students with special educational needs until 21 years of age.

At the beginning of the 2021–2022 academic year, there were 957 general schools operating in the country. In autumn 2021, the number of first-graders stood at 28.8 thousand, which is by 0.9 thousand (3.2 per cent) less than in 2020. The number of students studying under the general education programmes totalled 330 thousand. Almost half of all students (50.2 per cent) study under the general lower secondary education programmes, 116.2 thousand (35.2 per cent) – primary education programmes, 44 thousand (13.3 per cent) – general upper secondary education programmes. In 2021, lower secondary education certificates were received by 24.8 thousand students (in 2020, 25.3 thousand), general certificates of secondary education were awarded to 19.9 thousand (in 2020, 20.4 thousand). More two thirds of school-leavers (71.7 per cent) in the same year continued education in other educational institutions: 40.2 per cent – at universities, 20.7 per cent – in colleges, 10.8 per cent – in vocational schools.

In 2021, 91.8 per cent of the youth aged 20–24 had at least upper secondary education (in 2020, 90.1 per cent). In 2021, upper secondary education in general schools was received by 19.9 thousand school-leavers, in vocational education institutions – by 3.5 thousand (in 2020, 20.4 and 3.5 thousand respectively).

 

Number of general schools and students in them
Beginning of the academic year

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4General schoolsStudents in general schools1,2421,2421,2081,2081,2001,2001,1931,1931,1511,1511,1251,1251,0891,0891,0561,056977977957957373,874357,530344,721335,202330,869326,061322,344325,677327,022330,262General schoolsStudents in general schools2012–20132013–20142014–20152015–20162016–20172017–20182018–20192019–20202020–20212021–202204008001,2001,6000150,000300,000450,000600,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Beginning of the 2021–2022 academic year

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

General school graduates

Created with Highcharts 6.1.436 52736 52735 48635 48631 84931 84930 67330 67329 79929 79927 04327 04325 09325 09324 80124 80125 29125 29124 78324 78333 25033 25029 56529 56528 76728 76727 73827 73824 58124 58123 87423 87423 11623 11621 50721 50720 40720 40719 85019 850General lower secondaryGeneral upper secondary2012201320142015201620172018201920202021015 00030 00045 000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2021, by sex

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Percentage of youth aged 18–24 without medium level of education and not studying

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent6.56.56.36.35.95.95.55.54.84.85.45.44.64.64.04.05.65.65.45.48.18.17.87.87.07.06.96.96.06.07.07.06.16.15.25.27.77.76.46.44.64.64.74.74.64.64.04.03.63.63.83.83.03.02.82.83.43.44.34.3 TotalMenWomen20122013201420152016201720182019202020210246810

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

At the beginning of the 2021–2022 academic year, there were 27.4 thousand teachers and heads of schools working in general schools, which is by 0.5 thousand (1.9 per cent) less than in the 2020–2021 academic year; 27.4 thousand (98 per cent) of them had higher education. Among teachers, women accounted for 88.3 per cent. More than a third (38 per cent) of teachers and heads of schools were aged 50–59, almost a quarter (23 per cent) – aged 60 and older. The average age of a teacher – 50.9 years (in 2017, 49.7).

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

General school teachers
Beginning of the academic year

By place of permanent residence

Created with Highcharts 6.1.425 82325 82324 88024 88024 09524 09523 57023 57022 90022 90022 36022 36021 89621 89621 88521 88521 90721 90721 66921 66910 00310 0039 4809 4809 0019 0018 6868 6868 0418 0417 5477 5477 1467 1466 7146 7146 0496 0495 7375 737Urban areaRural area2012–20132013–20142014–20152015–20162016–20172017–20182018–20192019–20202020–20212021–2022010 00020 00030 00040 000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

By age

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4337.0337.0234.0234.0193.0193.0215.0215.0221.0221.0168.0168.0165.0165.0213.0213.0253.0253.0268.0268.01 6301 6301 3201 3201 0821 0829189187557557267267197196966967257257327322 4082 4082 1032 1031 8441 8441 7121 7121 5601 5601 4251 4251 2881 2881 2231 2231 1321 1321 0481 0483 9073 9073 6773 6773 3153 3153 0953 0952 7272 7272 3772 3772 1212 1211 9831 9831 9201 9201 8841 8845 5175 5175 0275 0274 6404 6404 3514 3514 0494 0493 8113 8113 6523 6523 3483 3483 1573 1572 9282 9285 9875 9875 7485 7485 6665 6665 6455 6455 4155 4155 0585 0584 7274 7274 4564 4564 1944 1943 9993 9997 1647 1646 7406 7406 3356 3355 9575 9575 5815 5815 4925 4925 3045 3045 2405 2405 2535 2535 1295 1295 3775 3775 8045 8046 1766 1766 4016 4016 4656 4656 3186 3186 0256 0255 7085 7085 3675 3675 1535 1532 5122 5122 7172 7172 8532 8533 0733 0733 3003 3003 6603 6604 0954 0954 6124 6124 7954 7954 9524 9529879879909909929928898898688688728729469461 1201 1201 1601 1601 3131 313Under 25 years25–29 years30–34 years35–39 years40–44 years45–49 years50–54 years55–59 years60–64 years65 years and older2012–20132013–20142014–20152015–20162016–20172017–20182018–20192019–20202020–20212021–202202 0004 0006 0008 00010 00012 00014 00016 00018 00020 00022 00024 00026 00028 00030 00032 00034 00036 000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

By age and living area, beginning of the 2021–2022 academic year

Created with Highcharts 6.1.42332336186188248241 4211 4212 2812 2813 1443 1444 0644 0644 0574 0573 9683 9681 0591 05935351141142242244634636476478558551 0651 0651 0961 096984984254254Urban areaRural areaUnder 25 years25–29 years30–34 years35–39 years40–44 years45–49 years50–54 years55–59 years60–64 years65 years and older02505007501 0001 2501 5001 7502 0002 2502 5002 7503 0003 2503 5003 7504 0004 2504 5004 7505 0005 2505 500

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

By sex, beginning of the 2021–2022 academic year

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

There was no significant change in the number of subject teachers.

 

Number of subject teachers in general schools

 

2017–2018

2018–2019

2019–2020

2020–2021

2021–2022

Total

22,103

21,164

20,705

20,03

19,343

Mother tongue (Lithuanian)

2,855

2,77

2,717

2,681

2,684

Mother tongue (not Lithuanian)

258

243

245

237

243

History and political science

1,271

1,202

1,191

1,138

1,109

English language

2,993

2,898

2,869

2,823

2,798

French language

116

107

108

104

97

German language

314

299

276

269

250

Russian language

1,007

947

926

860

826

Other languages

6

9

12

21

23

Mathematics

2,276

2,197

2,176

2,094

2,052

Information technologies

804

778

751

742

709

Natural sciences

113

105

110

159

153

Geography

772

722

693

675

660

Biology

818

793

764

700

675

Economy

75

66

69

72

67

Physics and astronomy

664

639

637

585

555

Chemistry

537

508

490

437

422

Arts

652

609

591

532

542

Music

1,205

1,124

1,066

1,015

810

Theatre

37

34

37

38

38

Dance

252

252

257

253

258

Technologies

1,235

1,152

1,13

1,109

1,066

Physical education

1,475

1,392

1,378

1,361

1,343

Religion

650

615

593

569

542

Ethics

402

378

387

354

355

Basics of civil society

27

25

25

30

26

Civil security

118

112

97

104

86

Special subjects

398

439

407

414

322

Other subjects

773

749

703

654

632

× – indicator is not calculated in such expression

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Teachers’ earnings (in the public sector)
Data of the last quarter of the year

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4EUR752.9752.9769.0769.0791.1791.1825.9825.9892.5892.5968.2968.21,104.31,104.31,540.11,540.11,819.91,819.92,025.22,025.2578.8578.8590.6590.6609.0609.0634.3634.3685.9685.9747.0747.0843.5843.5962.2962.21,135.01,135.01,255.51,255.5Whole economy¹ – GrossWhole economy¹ – NetTeachers – GrossTeachers – Net2012K42013K42014K42015K42016K42017K42018K42019K42020K42021K405001,0001,5002,0002,500

____________________
¹ Individual enterprises excluded.

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators


More indicators on general education:

Students with special educational needs in general schools and in special schools

General school students by class

Distribution of general schools by language of instruction and number of students in general schools by language of instruction

Proportion of general school pupils studying foreign languages

Pedagogic staff of general schools (excluding teachers and directors)


For further terms, see the Dictionary of Statistical Terms.