Labour Market in Lithuania (editon 2020)
Statistical labour force survey
The statistical Labour Force Survey has been conducted since 1998. The survey is carried out in all EU Member States using the same definitions and classifications, following the guidelines of the International Labour Organization; thus the survey results are comparable across countries. The aim of the survey – to produce and publish statistical information on employment, based on population survey data; to estimate the number of employed and unemployed persons, their distribution by age, sex, place of residence, economic activity, major occupational group, education, activity, employment and unemployment rates. The survey is conducted using a sampling method. Every quarter, approximately 0.5 per cent of the population aged 15 and older are interviewed; the results are recalculated for the total population.
Statistical job vacancies survey
The statistical job vacancies survey has been carried out since 2005. The aim of the survey – to produce and publish statistical information on the number of job vacancies and occupied posts and their distribution by economic activity. The survey is conducted applying a sampling method. The sample of enterprises represents the national economy in a breakdown by economic activity. Data are collected from all enterprises, institutions and organizations, irrespective of the kind of entity and form of ownership.
The annual indicators of labour statistics are calculated using data from the quarterly survey on earnings and those obtained from the State Social Insurance Fund Board under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour (Sodra). Economic activities defined in sections A to S of the national version (EVRK Rev. 2) of the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE Rev. 2), approved by Order No DĮ‑226 of 31 October 2007 of the Director General of Statistics Lithuania, are covered. Employees of all enterprises, institutions and organisations, irrespective of the kind of entity and form of ownership, working under an employment contract and receiving remuneration, irrespective of the type of work done, working time duration (full- or part-time) and type of the contract (fixed- or non-term), are covered. In addition, statutory civil servants, state politicians and state officials, other civil servants, etc. are covered. The number of employees does not include women on maternity leave, persons on parental leave before the child is three years of age, persons working under a verbal, copyright agreement or other civil contracts, persons holding a business certificate, managers paid only from the profit, etc. For the estimation of the annual statistical indicators of earnings, a relative statistical sum and ratio estimator is used. The SAS module CLAN is used for the calculation of estimates and errors.
Statistical survey on labour costs
The purpose of the estimation of labour costs is to prepare and publish information on labour costs per hour worked and per employee incurred by an employer and their structure in the whole economy by economic activity (section level). All the indicators of labour costs, hours worked and the number of employees required for the estimation of labour costs in the whole economy are calculated on the basis of the quarterly statistical sample survey on earnings and Sodra data.
Structure of earnings
The Structure of Earnings Survey (SES) has been conducted every four years since 2002 in accordance with the EU legislation. The purpose of the survey is to determine the number of employees and provide detailed and comparable information on relationships between the level of gross earnings and individual characteristics of employees (sex, age, occupation, length of service, highest educational level attained, etc.) and those of their employer (economic activity, size and location of the enterprise). The statistical survey covers local units/enterprises of all types and forms of ownership engaged in economic activities defined by sections B–S of the Classification of Economic Activities (EVRK Rev. 2) and having one or more employees. The survey covers full-time and part-time employees who worked under employment agreements on 31 October of the reference year. The survey is a sample survey, conducted using a sampling method. A two-stage cluster sample is used: the first stage sampling units are local units/enterprises; the second stage sampling units are employees of the local units/enterprises. A sample of employees is selected by local units/enterprises.
Statistical survey on strikes
The statistical survey on strikes covers statistical data on legal strikes (i.e. those organised in accordance with the procedure established in the Labour Code of the Republic of Lithuania and corresponding to a definition of a strike). Events related to labour disputes or support for the institutions on strike, pickets, etc. are not included. The objective of the statistical survey is to prepare information on the number of legal strikes, employees involved in strikes, time not worked due to strikes in the whole economy by economic activity and region. Employees of all enterprises, institutions and organisations, irrespective of the kind of entity and form of ownership, involved in strikes are covered.