Environment, Agriculture and Energy in Lithuania
(edition 2021)

Renewable energy resources

 

Foto by Pixabay.com

Renewable energy resources

 

The EU objective is to produce at least 20 per cent of its total energy from renewable energy resources by 2020. The objective set for Lithuania – 23 per cent by the year 2020. This objective was already achieved by Lithuania in 2014.

 

The greatest renewable energy potential in Lithuania is shown by solid biofuel – firewood, wood and agricultural waste. In 2019, the largest amount thereof was used for the production of electricity and centralised heat supply (50.1 per cent) and in households (37.6 per cent).

In 2019, In Lithuania, wind farms together with small wind power plants produced 1.5 Twh of electricity, which is slightly more than one-third of total electricity produced in the country, or over 11.2 per cent of electricity consumed in the country. Last year, electricity production by Lithuanian wind farms was the highest in the wind energy history of the country, which was determined by weather conditions and advancing technologies. Currently, there are 23 wind farms in Lithuania. Together with small power plants, the total capacity of the installed power plants amounted to 534 MW at the end of 2019.

As regards renewable electricity, in 2019, electricity produced by solar power plants amounted to 91.1 million kWh, or by 5.2 per cent more than in 2018. This is quite important as it promotes local electricity generation and contributes to the implementation of the international climate change mitigation goals.

In 2019, hydropower plants produced 345.4 million kWh of electricity, i.e. By 19.9 per cent less than in 2018.

In 2019, 60.1 per cent of total electricity was produced from renewable energy sources.

The use of biogas for the production of electricity has been on the increase in recent years. In 2019, electricity produced from biogas amounted to 154.4 million kWh, i.e. by 10.4 per cent more than 2018.

The use of biofuel reduces environmental pollution. Two kinds of biofuel are used in Lithuania – biodiesel and bioethanol. In 2019, biodiesel and bioethanol consumed in transport amounted to 74 thousand and 15.1 thousand tonnes respectively.

 

Renewable energy resources consumption structure, 2019

Per cent

Created with Highcharts 6.1.478.4 per cent78.4 per cent8.2 per cent8.2 per cent4.8 per cent4.8 per cent2.5 per cent2.5 per cent2.0 per cent2.0 per cent1.9 per cent1.9 per cent1.7 per cent1.7 per cent0.5 per cent0.5 per centSolid biofuelWind energyBiofuelBiogasMunicipal and industrial waste (renewable)HydropowerAmbient heatSolar energy

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators.

 

Gross consumption by type of renewable energy, 2015–2019

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.42,9174,0894,9104,1185,3981,2591,6342,1691,5521,243264239245312328764810Wind energyHydropowerSolar energyAmbient heat (renewable part)2015201620172018201902,0004,0006,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators.

 

Consumption of firewood and wood waste, 2015–2019

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.450,21250,21250,26650,26652,49452,49453,03653,03652,03352,03325,83925,83925,89825,89825,49225,49226,34726,34725,47825,478Gross consumptionFinal consumption20152016201720182019020,00040,00060,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Consumption of agricultural waste, 2015–2019

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.41781782062062012012002002292291101101211211111119393135135Gross consumptionFinal consumption20152016201720182019050100150200250

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Gross consumption of biogas, 2015–2019

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4980847834669344366418213356343286289303316294Sludge biogasLandfill biogasAgricultural waste biogas201920182017201620150501001502002503003504004505005506006507007508008509009501,0001,0501,1001,1501,2001,2501,3001,3501,4001,4501,5001,5501,6001,6501,700

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Gross consumption of renewable industrial and municipal waste, 2015–2019

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.47558221,228903659570563184140Industrial wasteMunicipal waste201920182017201620150501001502002503003504004505005506006507007508008509009501,0001,0501,1001,1501,2001,2501,3001,3501,4001,4501,500

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Gross consumption of biofuel, 2015–2019

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.42,7412,9222,6582,0972,422409334344269442BioethanolBiodiesel (methyl-ester)2019201820172016201501002003004005006007008009001,0001,1001,2001,3001,4001,5001,6001,7001,8001,9002,0002,1002,2002,3002,4002,5002,6002,7002,8002,9003,0003,1003,2003,3003,4003,500

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators.

 

Share of renewable energy resources in consumption, 2015–2019

Per cent

 

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

In final gross energy consumption

25.8

25.6

26.0

25.3

25.5

In final energy consumption for heating and cooling

46.1

46.6

46.5

45.6

47.4

In gross consumption of electricity

15.6

16.9

18.3

18.4

18.8

In final energy consumption in transport sector

4.6

3.6

4.3

4.3

4.0

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators.


For more terms and explanations, please see the Dictionary of Statistical Terms.