Environment, Agriculture and Energy in Lithuania
(edition 2022)

Renewable energy resources

 

Foto by Pixabay.com

Renewable energy resources

 

The EU objective is to produce at least 20 per cent of its total energy from renewable energy resources by 2020. The objective set for Lithuania – 23 per cent by the year 2020. This objective was already achieved by Lithuania in 2014.

 

The greatest renewable energy potential in Lithuania is shown by solid biofuel – firewood and wood and agricultural waste used for fuel. In 2020, the largest amount thereof was used for the production of electricity and centralised heat supply (50.1 per cent) and in households (36.4 per cent). In 2020, production of heat by energy producers which use firewood and wood waste accounted for 70.4 per cent of total heat produced by power plants and heat plants, and 12.4 per cent of electricity produced by power plants.

Together with small wind power plants, wind farms in Lithuania are further increasing electricity production. In 2020, electricity production totalled 1.55 Twh, which accounted for slightly less than one third of total electricity production in the country, or over 11.6 per cent of electricity consumed in the country. Currently, 23 wind farms operate in Lithuania. At the end of 2020, together with small wind power plants, total cumulated installed capacity amounted to 534 MW.

As regards renewable electricity, in 2020, electricity produced by solar power plants amounted to 128.8 million kilowatts (kWh) of electrical energy, or by 41.4 per cent more than in 2019. This is important as thus local electricity production is promoted and this contributes to the implementation of international goals on mitigating climate change.

In 2020, hydropower plants produced 300.5 million kWh of electricity, i.e. by 13 per cent less than in 2019.

In 2020, against 2019, the use of biogas for the production of electricity decreased by 3.2 per cent and amounted to 149.5 million kWh.

The use of biofuel reduces environmental pollution. Two kinds of biofuel are used in Lithuania – biodiesel and bioethanol. In 2020, biodiesel and bioethanol consumed in transport amounted to 98.6 thousand and 24.4 thousand tonnes respectively.

 

Renewable energy resources consumption structure, 2020

Per cent

Created with Highcharts 6.1.475.9%75.9%8.0%8.0%6.9%6.9%2.8%2.8%2.3%2.3%1.8%1.8%1.6%1.6%0.7%0.7%Solid biofuelWind energyBiofuelMunicipal and industrial waste (renewable)BiogasAmbient heatHydropowerSolar energy

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators.

 

Gross consumption by type of renewable energy, 2016–2020

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.44,0894,9104,1185,3985,5861,6342,1691,5521,2431,082764810952239245312328464Wind energyHydropowerAmbient heat (renewable part)Solar energy2016201720182019202001,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators.

 

Consumption of firewood and wood waste, 2016–2020

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.450,26650,26652,49452,49453,03653,03652,03352,03352,73552,73525,89825,89825,49225,49226,34726,34725,47825,47826,25226,252Gross consumptionFinal consumption20162017201820192020020,00040,00060,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Consumption of agricultural waste, 2016–2020

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.42062062012012002002292291971971211211111119393135135131131Gross consumptionFinal consumption20162017201820192020050100150200250

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Gross consumption of biogas, 2016–2020

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.41,043980847834669300286289303316274366418213356Landfill biogasSludge biogasAgricultural waste biogas2020201920182017201601703405106808501,0201,1901,3601,5301,700

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Gross consumption of renewable industrial and municipal waste, 2016–2020

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.41,1657558221,228903811601563184140Industrial wasteMunicipal waste2020201920182017201602004006008001,0001,2001,4001,6001,8002,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Gross consumption of biofuel, 2016–2020

Terajoule

Created with Highcharts 6.1.43,6502,7412,9222,6582,097659409334344269BioethanolBiodiesel (methyl-ester)2020201920182017201605001,0001,5002,0002,5003,0003,5004,0004,500

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators.

 

Share of renewable energy resources in consumption, 2016–2020

Per cent

 

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

In final gross energy consumption

25.6

26.0

25.5

25.5

27.4

In final energy consumption for heating and cooling

46.6

46.5

46.0

47.4

50.2

In gross consumption of electricity

16.9

18.3

18.4

18.8

20.2

In final energy consumption in transport sector

3.6

4.3

4.3

4.0

5.5


The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators.


For more terms and explanations, please see the Dictionary of Statistical Terms.