Education and Culture in Lithuania
(edition 2023)

Preschool and pre-primary education


Photo by Stephen Andrews

Early childhood education in Lithuania is divided into two parts: preschool education and compulsory pre-primary education. Preschool education is designed for children from birth until they begin attending pre-primary education programme.

The purpose of pre-primary education is to assist in preparing a child for successful learning at school. Pre‑primary education is provided for a child who turns six years of age in a calendar year. A one-year pre-primary education programme is carried out by preschool, general education schools or other education providers. Preschool education is provided by state and municipal kindergartens, private early childhood education and care providers.

At the beginning of the academic year 2022–2023, there were 715 preschool establishments operating in the country (of which 621 – in urban, 94 – in rural areas), 426 general schools had preschool and pre-primary education groups integrated. 125.2 thousand children attended preschool establishments, 10.5 thousand – preschool and pre-primary groups in general schools. In total, 82.7 per cent of children aged 1–6 participated in preschool and pre-primary education.

Preschool establishments were attended by 26.5 thousand (54 per cent) children aged 1–2. Child care groups of nursery schools were attended by 106 children under one year of age (in 2021, 58).


Number of preschool establishments

       Such phenomenon (indicator) in the period concerned was absent.

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators


Number of children in preschool establishments

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators


In 2022, there were 107 places in preschool establishments per 100 children (in 2021, 110). Only in two municipalities, the number of places in preschool establishments was lower than that of children attending them – Vilkaviškis district municipality (97) and Zarasai district municipality (98). In urban areas, this number stood at 106, in rural areas – at 113.


Children in preschool and pre-primary education

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4Per cent31.933.135.036.841.444.–2 years3–6 years1–6 years and older20132014201520162017201820192020202120220255075100

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators


The number of private preschool establishments is increasing annually. In 2022, there were 175 private preschool establishments in the country, which were attended by 10.9 thousand children (in 2021, 169 establishments and 10.2 thousand children respectively). Compared to 2018, the number of children in private preschool establishments increased 1.3 times.


Preschool establishments by founder

Created with Highcharts 6.1.473173971672071533222589590559549538139146155169175TotalStateMinicipalityPrivate person201820192020202120220200400600800

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators


Children in preschool establishments by founder

Created with Highcharts 6.1.4120,855121,717122,583124,028125,207769802794857863112,324112,314112,687112,962113,4257,7628,6019,10210,20910,919TotalStateMinicipalityPrivate person20182019202020212022014,00028,00042,00056,00070,00084,00098,000112,000126,000

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators


At the beginning of the academic year 2022–2023, 15.6 thousand pedagogical workers worked in preschool establishments. 75.4 per cent of the teaching staff had higher education.


More indicators on preschool and pre-primary education:

Number of establishments and children in them

Total number of preschool establishments with special groups incorporated

Children with special educational needs integrated into general groups of preschool establishments

Number of places per 100 children attending preschool establishments

Pedagogical staff in preschool establishments