Results of the Agricultural Census 2020
(edition 2022)

Work in agriculture

 

Foto by Pixabay.com


The 2020 Census was aimed at finding out the number of farm workers, i.e. persons who had been doing farm work 12 months prior to the Census (from 1 June 2019 to 31 May 2020), on farms of various categories and sizes, their distribution by sex and age, and time worked.

According to the status of farm workers, 3 main groups were distinguished: farm holders and their family members, permanently hired workers, and temporarily hired workers.

Based on the 2020 survey data, there were 256.8 thousand farm workers on farms larger than 1 ha.

 

Change in the number of farm workers

Thous.

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The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

In 2020, compared to 2010, the number of farm workers on all farms larger than 1 ha had decreased by 38 per cent: on farmers’ and family farms – by 40, in agricultural companies and enterprises – 7 per cent. The number of farm holders and their family members decreased by 42 per cent, the number of permanently hired workers – by 20 per cent. Since 2003, the number of farm workers dropped by 58 per cent.

 

Number of farm workers on farms larger than 1 ha

 

2003

2005

2007

2010

2013

2016

2020

Number of persons employed in agriculture, total

545,381

543,298

482,002

369,033

300,274

256,753

229,069

Farm holders and their family members

511,266

510,466

449,833

338,174

264,069

221,808

194,479

Permanently employed

28,850

26,516

28,331

27,915

33,881

33,759

33,506

Temporarily employed

5,265

6,316

3,838

2,944

2,324

1,186

1,084


The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

92 per cent of farm workers worked on farmers’ and family farms, 8 per cent – in agricul­tural companies and enterprises. The largest proportion (84.9 per cent) of farm workers were farm holders and their family members, slightly more than 14.6 per cent – permanently hired workers, 0.5 per cent – temporarily hired workers.

 

Number of farm workers by farm category and employment status

 

Farms of all types

Farmers' and family farms

Agricultural companies and enterprises

2010

2020

2010

2020

2010

2020

Number of persons employed in agriculture, total

369,033

229,069

349,592

210,917

19,441

18,152

Farm holders and their family members

338,174

194,479

338,174

194,479

x

x

Permanently employed

27,915

33,506

9,000

16,059

18,915

17,447

Temporarily employed

2,944

1,083

2,418

379

526

705

_____________
x indicator is not calculated in such expression

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Farm workers by employment status in counties, 2020

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Based on the 2020 Census data, males accounted for 56, females – 44 per cent of all employees.

 

Farm workers by sex and farm category

 

Males and females

Males

Females

2003

2010

2020

2003

2010

2020

2003

2010

2020

Farms of all types

545,381

369,033

229,069

264,069

183,742

129,095

281,312

185,291

99,974

Farmers' and family farms

519,878

349,592

210,917

248,342

172,169

117,861

271,536

177,423

93,056

Agricultural companies and enterprises

25,503

19,441

18,152

15,727

11,573

11,234

9,776

7,868

6,918


The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Farm workers by farm category in counties, 2020

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Among farm holders and their family members, there were more men (55 per cent) than women (45 per cent). Majority (64 per cent) of farm holders and their family members were older than 50, 30 per cent – aged 20–49, 1 per cent – under 20 years of age.

 

Distribution of farm holders and their family members by age and sex, 2020

Per cent

Males Females
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The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Based on the 2020 Census data, most of the farm workers were working on a farm part-time. Only 16 per cent of farm workers were working on a farm full-time (in 2016, 16 per cent). 86 per cent of farm workers on farmers’ and family farms worked part-time, most of them (28 per cent) worked up to 2 hours (in 2016, 86 and 24 per cent respectively). In agricul­tural companies and enterprises, 67 per cent of workers worked full-time (in 2016, 42 per cent).

 

Farm workers by gender in counties, 2020

The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Distribution of farm workers on farmers’ and family farms by average time worked on a farm per day

2016 2020
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The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

Farm workers by sex, working time and farm category

 

Farms of all types

Farmers' and family farms

Agricultural companies and enterprises

2016

2020

2016

2020

2016

2020

Full-time

40,343

37,134

32,842

25,026

7,501

12,108

Part-time

216,410

191,935

205,913

185,891

10,497

6,044

Employed on farms less 2 hours

57,670

60,029

56,980

59,621

690

408

Employed on farms from 2 to 4 hours

54,373

55,301

53,818

55,018

555

283

Employed on farms from 4 to 6 hours

43,663

39,094

43,006

38,886

657

208

Employed on farms from 6 to 8 hours

60,704

37,511

52,109

32,366

52,109

5,145


The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators

 

For the purpose of better comparability, part-time farm workers were converted into full-time (annual work) units (AWU) based on the time worked per week. For example, those who had worked 31–39 hours per week were equated to 0.875 workers. The results obtained after the conversion showed that from 1 June 2019 to 31 May 2020 122.6 thousand workers (on farmers’ and family farms – 105.7 thousand, in agricultural companies and enterprises – 16.9 thousand) were doing farm work full-time. In 2020, compared to 2010, the number of persons employed in terms of annual work units decreased by 16 per cent. Since 2003, the number of persons employed in terms of annual work units decreased by 58 per cent.

 

Number of persons employed in terms of annual work units (AWU)

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The latest and detailed data are available in the Database of Indicators


For more terms and explanations, please see the Dictionary of Statistical Terms